Since the reform and opening-up policy was implemented in China, consultations have been increasingly carried out during the policy-making process. This often involves experts, many of whom are based in think-tanks or similar institutions. The degree of access to the policy-making process varies, and consequently some experts influence the policy-making process significantly and others not. This book explores how experts in China engage with the policy-making process and the circumstances, which affect how far they are able to influence policy-making.

chapter 1|41 pages


chapter 2|43 pages

Outside-in enlightenment

chapter 3|38 pages

Linear consultation

chapter 4|55 pages


chapter 5|43 pages

Civic activism

chapter 6|12 pages