ABSTRACT

First published in 1933, this book looks at the phonetics of African languages. It argues that a good grounding in phonetics and tone work is an indispensable preliminary to anyone embarking on a study of African language and so provides the material necessary for this in a simple form.

The volume is primarily a practical manual for students of African languages but will also be an invaluable tool for students of general linguistics as a work of scientific interest. The languages observed present features of language that are very different to those found in Europe.

chapter III|12 pages

THE ORGANS OF SPEECH

chapter V|5 pages

PHONEMES

chapter VI|6 pages

VOWELS OF AFRICAN LANGUAGES

chapter VII|3 pages

LESS USUAL VOWELS

chapter VIII|1 pages

NASALIZED VOWELS

chapter IX|2 pages

DIPHTHONGS

chapter XI|11 pages

PLOSIVE CONSONANTS

chapter XII|8 pages

NASAL CONSONANTS

chapter XIII|9 pages

LATERAL, ROLLED, AND FLAPPED CONSONANTS

chapter XIV|9 pages

FRICATIVE CONSONANTS

chapter XV|3 pages

AFFRICATES

chapter XVI|3 pages

SEMI-VOWELS

chapter XVII|4 pages

IMPLOSIVE CONSONANTS

chapter XVIII|2 pages

EJECTIVE CONSONANTS

chapter XIX|3 pages

CLICK CONSONANTS

chapter XX|8 pages

SOUNDS WITH MORE THAN ONE ARTICULATION

chapter XXI|4 pages

SYLLABLES

chapter XXII|6 pages

STRESS: LENGTH

chapter XXIII|14 pages

SOUNDS IN CONNECTED SPEECH

chapter XXIV|25 pages

TONE LANGUAGES AND HOW TO STUDY THEM