In Pagans and Christians in Late Antiquity, A.D. Lee documents the transformation of the religious landscape of the Roman world from one of enormous diversity of religious practices and creeds in the 3rd century to a situation where, by the 6th century, Christianity had become the dominant religious force. Using translated extracts from contemporary sources he examines the fortunes of pagans and Christians from the upheavals of the 3rd Century, through the dramatic events associated with the emperors Constantine, Julian and Theodosius in the 4th, to the increasingly tumultuous times of the 5th and 6th centuries, while also illustrating important themes in late antique Christianity such as the growth of monasticism, the emerging power of bishops and the development of pilgrimage, as well as the fate of other significant religious groups including Jews and Manichaeans.

This new edition has been updated to include:

  • additional documentary material, including newly published papyri
  • an expanded chapter on the emperor Constantine
  • greater attention to church controversies in the fourth and fifth centuries
  • thoroughly updated references and further reading, taking into account developments in modern scholarship during the past fifteen years.

Pagans and Christians in Late Antiquity is an invaluable resource for students of the late antique world, and of early Christianity and the early Church.

chapter |10 pages


part I|146 pages

Pagans and Christians Through Time

chapter I 1|24 pages

Pagans in the Third Century

chapter I 2|25 pages

Christians in the Third Century

chapter I 3|15 pages

Pagans and Christians During the Tetrarchy

chapter I 4|19 pages


part II|35 pages

Other Religious Groups

chapter II 8|18 pages


chapter II 9|4 pages


chapter II 10|12 pages


part III|111 pages

Themes in Late Antique Christianity

chapter III 11|24 pages


chapter III 12|14 pages


chapter III 13|17 pages

Material Resources

chapter III 14|19 pages

Church Life

chapter III 15|11 pages


chapter III 16|25 pages

Pilgrims and Holy Places