ABSTRACT

Driven by the growing reality of international terrorism, the threats to civil liberties and individual rights in America are greater today than at any time since the McCarthy era in the 1950s. At this critical time when individual freedoms are being weighed against the need for increased security, this exhaustive three-volume set provides the most detailed coverage of contemporary and historical issues relating to basic rights covered in the United States Constitution. The Encyclopedia of Civil Liberties in America examines the history and hotly contested debates surrounding the concept and practice of civil liberties. It provides detailed history of court cases, events, Constitutional amendments and rights, personalities, and themes that have had an impact on our freedoms in America. The Encyclopedia appraises the state of civil liberties in America today, and examines growing concerns over the limiting of personal freedoms for the common good. Complete with selected relevant documents and a chronology of civil liberties developments, and arranged in A-Z format with multiple indexes for quick reference, The Encyclopedia of Civil Liberties in America includes in-depth coverage of: freedom of speech, religion, press, and assembly, as outlined in the first amendment; protection against unreasonable search and seizure, as outlined in the fourth amendment; criminal due process rights, as outlined in the fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth amendments; property rights, economic liberties, and other rights found within the text of the United States Constitution; Supreme Court justices, presidents, and other personalities, focusing specifically on their contributions to or effect on civil liberties; concepts, themes, and events related to civil liberties, both practical and theoretical; court cases and their impact on civil liberties.

part |60 pages

A

chapter |1 pages

ABA

chapter |1 pages

Abortion

chapter |2 pages

Abrams v. United States (1919)

chapter |4 pages

Academic Freedom

chapter |1 pages

ACLU

chapter |3 pages

Actual Malice

chapter |1 pages

ADA

chapter |2 pages

Adamson v. California (1947)

chapter |2 pages

Adderley v. Florida (1966)

chapter |3 pages

Administrative Searches

chapter |2 pages

Agostini v. Felton (1997)

chapter |2 pages

Aguilar v. Texas (1964)

chapter |3 pages

Aid to Parochial Schools

chapter |3 pages

Airport Searches

chapter |2 pages

Alabama v. Shelton (2002)

chapter |3 pages

Alien and Sedition Acts (1798)

chapter |2 pages

Alien Tort Claims Act (1789)

chapter |2 pages

Allgeyer v. Louisiana (1897)

chapter |3 pages

American Bar Association

chapter |2 pages

American Civil Liberties Union

chapter |2 pages

American Nazi Party

chapter |2 pages

Americans for Democratic Action

chapter |3 pages

Amicus Curiae

chapter |2 pages

Amish

chapter |2 pages

Anonymous Political Speech

chapter |1 pages

ANP

chapter |2 pages

Anti-Dial-a-Porn Measures

chapter |2 pages

Argersinger v. Hamlin (1972)

chapter |2 pages

Arizona v. Evans (1995)

chapter |2 pages

Arraignment

chapter |3 pages

Arrest

chapter |3 pages

Articles of Confederation

chapter |3 pages

Arts and Humanities Funding

chapter |2 pages

Ashcroft, John D. (b. 1942)

chapter |1 pages

ATCA

chapter |2 pages

Atkins v. Virginia (2002)

chapter |1 pages

Attainder, Bill of

chapter |3 pages

Attorney General

chapter |2 pages

Atwater v. City of Lago Vista (2001)

chapter |1 pages

AU

chapter |4 pages

Automobile Searches

part |75 pages

B

chapter |2 pages

Bad-Tendency Test

chapter |2 pages

Bail, Right to

chapter |4 pages

Bailey, F. Lee (b. 1933)

chapter |2 pages

Baker v. Carr (1962)

chapter |2 pages

Balancing Test

chapter |2 pages

Baldwin, Roger Nash (1884–1991)

chapter |2 pages

Barenblatt v. United States (1959)

chapter |2 pages

Barnes v. Glen Theatre, Inc. (1991)

chapter |2 pages

Barron v. City of Baltimore (1833)

chapter |2 pages

Bates v. State Bar of Arizona (1977)

chapter |2 pages

Batson v. Kentucky (1986)

chapter |2 pages

Beauharnais v. Illinois (1952)

chapter |1 pages

Berman v. Parker (1954)

chapter |3 pages

Bethel School District v. Fraser (1986)

chapter |2 pages

Betts v. Brady (1942)

chapter |2 pages

Beyond a Reasonable Doubt

chapter |3 pages

Bifurcation

chapter |2 pages

Bigelow v. Virginia (1975)

chapter |2 pages

Bill of Attainder

chapter |4 pages

Bill of Rights

chapter |2 pages

Billboards

chapter |5 pages

Birth Control and Contraception

chapter |3 pages

Bivens and Section 1983 Actions

chapter |3 pages

Black, Hugo L. (1886–1971)

chapter |3 pages

Blacklisting

chapter |2 pages

Blackmun, Harry A. (1908–1999)

chapter |3 pages

Blackstone, William (1723–1780)

chapter |3 pages

Blue Laws, or Sunday-Closing Laws

chapter |2 pages

Board of Education v. Earls (2002)

chapter |2 pages

Board of Education v. Grumet (1994)

chapter |2 pages

Board of Education v. Pico (1982)

chapter |2 pages

Board of Regents v. Southworth (2000)

chapter |4 pages

Book Banning

chapter |2 pages

Border Searches

chapter |3 pages

Bowers v. Hardwick (1986)

chapter |2 pages

Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000)

chapter |3 pages

Boycott

chapter |1 pages

Brady Rule

chapter |3 pages

Brandeis, Louis Dembitz (1856–1941)

chapter |3 pages

Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969)

chapter |2 pages

Branzburg v. Hayes (1972)

chapter |3 pages

Brennan, William J., Jr. (1906–1997)

chapter |2 pages

Breyer, Stephen G. (b. 1938)

chapter |2 pages

Bryan, William Jennings (1860–1925)

chapter |2 pages

Buchanan v. Warley (1917)

chapter |2 pages

Buck v. Bell (1927)

chapter |2 pages

Buckley v. Valeo (1976)

chapter |3 pages

Burger, Warren Earl (1907–1995)

chapter |1 pages

Burson v. Freeman (1992)

chapter |2 pages

Burton, Harold H. (1888–1964)

chapter |4 pages

Bus Searches

chapter |3 pages

Bush, George H.W. (b. 1924)

part |117 pages

C

chapter |1 pages

Calder v. Bull (1798)

chapter |2 pages

Cantwell v. Connecticut (1940)

chapter |4 pages

Capital Punishment

chapter |2 pages

Captive Audience

chapter |3 pages

Cardozo, Benjamin N. (1870–1938)

chapter |2 pages

Carolene Products, Footnote 4 (1938)

chapter |2 pages

Carroll v. United States (1925)

chapter |2 pages

Carter, Jimmy (b. 1924)

chapter |4 pages

Censorship

chapter |3 pages

Central Intelligence Agency

chapter |2 pages

Chafee, Zechariah, Jr. (1885–1957)

chapter |2 pages

Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire (1942)

chapter |2 pages

Chavez v. Martinez (2003)

chapter |3 pages

Checks and Balances

chapter |2 pages

Child-Benefit Theory

chapter |3 pages

Child Pornography

chapter |3 pages

Chilling Effect

chapter |4 pages

Christian Roots of Civil Liberties

chapter |3 pages

Christian Science

chapter |1 pages

CIA

chapter |2 pages

Cipollone v. Liggett Group (1992)

chapter |4 pages

Citizenship

chapter |2 pages

City of Boerne v. Flores (1997)

chapter |2 pages

City of Erie v. Pap's A.M. (2000)

chapter |2 pages

City of Indianapolis v. Edmond (2000)

chapter |2 pages

City of Ladue v. Gilleo (1994)

chapter |4 pages

Civil Disobedience

chapter |2 pages

"Civil Disobedience" (1849)

chapter |3 pages

Civil Law System

chapter |2 pages

Civil Liberties

chapter |2 pages

Civil Rights Cases (1883)

chapter |4 pages

Civil War and Civil Liberties

chapter |3 pages

Civilian Control of the Military

chapter |2 pages

Clear and Present Danger

chapter |3 pages

Clemency

chapter |2 pages

Clinton v. Jones (1997)

chapter |3 pages

Cloning Human Beings

chapter |3 pages

Cohen v. California (1971)

chapter |2 pages

Colegrove v. Green (1946)

chapter |2 pages

Commercial Speech

chapter |2 pages

Common Law

chapter |3 pages

Communists

chapter |2 pages

Compelling Governmental Interest

chapter |4 pages

Comstock Acts

chapter |2 pages

Confrontation Clause

chapter |4 pages

Congress and Civil Liberties

chapter |4 pages

Congressional Investigations

chapter |3 pages

Conscientious Objectors

chapter |3 pages

Conservatism

chapter |3 pages

Constitutional Amending Process

chapter |3 pages

Constitutional Amendments

chapter |3 pages

Constitutionalism

chapter |4 pages

Contempt Powers

chapter |2 pages

Contract, Freedom of

chapter |3 pages

Contracts Clause

chapter |2 pages

Cooley, Thomas McIntyre (1824-1898)

chapter |5 pages

Copyright, Patent, and Trademark

chapter |2 pages

Corfield v. Coryell (1823)

chapter |3 pages

Corporate Speech

chapter |2 pages

Corrupt Practices Act of 1925

chapter |3 pages

Court-Packing Plan

chapter |2 pages

Coy v. Iowa (1988)

chapter |3 pages

Creation Science

chapter |3 pages

Cruel and Unusual Punishments

part |43 pages

D

chapter |3 pages

Darrow, Clarence (1857–1938)

chapter |2 pages

Death Penalty for the Mentally Retarded

chapter |3 pages

Death-Qualified Juries

chapter |3 pages

Debs, Eugene Victor (1855–1926)

chapter |2 pages

Debs, In re (1895)

chapter |4 pages

Declaration of Independence

chapter |1 pages

Deep Throat

chapter |4 pages

Democracy and Civil Liberties

chapter |3 pages

Democratic Party

chapter |2 pages

Dennis v. United States (1951)

chapter |3 pages

Department of Justice

chapter |3 pages

Dickerson v. United States (2000)

chapter |1 pages

Directed Verdicts

chapter |5 pages

Disability Rights

chapter |3 pages

Discovery

chapter |3 pages

DNA Testing

chapter |2 pages

Doe v. Bolton (1973)

chapter |1 pages

DOJ

chapter |2 pages

Dolan v. City of Tigard (1994)

chapter |3 pages

Double Jeopardy

chapter |3 pages

Douglas, William O. (1898–1980)

chapter |3 pages

Draft Card Mutilation Act of 1965

chapter |2 pages

Drug Kingpin Act

chapter |4 pages

Due Process of Law

chapter |2 pages

Duncan v. Louisiana (1968)

part |53 pages

E

chapter |1 pages

EDPA

chapter |4 pages

Education

chapter |2 pages

Edwards v. California (1941)

chapter |2 pages

Edwards v. South Carolina (1963)

chapter |2 pages

Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996

chapter |3 pages

Eighth Amendment

chapter |1 pages

Eisenstadt v. Baird (1972)

chapter |3 pages

Electronic Eavesdropping

chapter |2 pages

Elkins v. United States (1960)

chapter |3 pages

Ellsworth, Oliver (1745–1807)

chapter |2 pages

Ely, John Hart (1938–2003)

chapter |3 pages

Emancipation Proclamation

chapter |3 pages

Eminent Domain

chapter |2 pages

Engel v. Vitale (1962)

chapter |2 pages

English Bill of Rights

chapter |2 pages

English-Only Laws

chapter |3 pages

English Roots of Civil Liberties

chapter |4 pages

Enumerated Powers

chapter |2 pages

Equal-Time Rule

chapter |2 pages

Escobedo v. Illinois (1964)

chapter |3 pages

Espionage Act of 1917

chapter |3 pages

Establishment Clause

chapter |3 pages

Estes v. Texas (1965)

chapter |2 pages

Eugenics

chapter |2 pages

Everson v. Board of Education (1947)

chapter |3 pages

Evolution

chapter |4 pages

Evolving Standards of Decency

chapter |2 pages

Ewing v. California (2003)

chapter |3 pages

Ex Post Facto Laws

chapter |2 pages

Exclusionary Rule

chapter |5 pages

Executive Orders

part |64 pages

F

chapter |2 pages

Fairness Doctrine

chapter |2 pages

Fair-Use Doctrine

chapter |3 pages

Family Rights

chapter |1 pages

FBI

chapter |1 pages

FCC

chapter |1 pages

FECA

chapter |2 pages

Federal Bureau of Investigation

chapter |3 pages

Federal Communications Commission

chapter |3 pages

Federal Conscription Act of 1863

chapter |2 pages

Federal Death Penalty Act

chapter |2 pages

Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971

chapter |2 pages

Federalism

chapter |3 pages

Federalists

chapter |3 pages

Felon Disenfranchisement

chapter |2 pages

Ferguson v. Skrupta (1963)

chapter |3 pages

Fifteenth Amendment

chapter |3 pages

Fifth Amendment and Self-Incrimination

chapter |2 pages

Fighting Words

chapter |4 pages

Fingerprinting

chapter |4 pages

First Amendment

chapter |3 pages

Flag Burning

chapter |3 pages

Flag Salute

chapter |2 pages

Flast v. Cohen (1968)

chapter |2 pages

Fletcher v. Peck (1810)

chapter |2 pages

Florida v. J.L. (2000)

chapter |2 pages

Ford, Gerald R. (b. 1913)

chapter |2 pages

Fortas, Abe (1910–1982)

chapter |2 pages

Four Freedoms

chapter |3 pages

Fourteenth Amendment

chapter |4 pages

Fourth Amendment

chapter |3 pages

Frankfurter, Felix (1882–1965)

chapter |5 pages

Free Exercise Clause

chapter |2 pages

Fricke v. Lynch (1980)

chapter |1 pages

Friend of the Court

chapter |2 pages

Frontiero v. Richardson (1973)

chapter |3 pages

Fruits of the Poisonous Tree

chapter |2 pages

Fuller, Melville W. (1833–1910)

chapter |3 pages

Fundamental Rights

chapter |2 pages

Furman v. Georgia (1972)

part |19 pages

G

chapter |2 pages

Gault, In re (1967)

chapter |1 pages

Gay Rights

chapter |1 pages

Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)

chapter |3 pages

Ginsburg, Ruth Bader (b. 1933)

chapter |2 pages

Gitlow v. New York (1925)

chapter |2 pages

Goldberg v. Kelly (1970)

chapter |3 pages

Goldberg, Arthur J. (1908–1990)

chapter |2 pages

Good Faith Exception

chapter |3 pages

Grand Jury

chapter |2 pages

Gravity-of-the-Evil Test

chapter |2 pages

Greek Roots of Civil Liberties

chapter |2 pages

Gregg v. Georgia (1976)

chapter |2 pages

Griswold v. Connecticut (1965)

chapter |2 pages

Grosjean v. American Press Co. (1936)

chapter |3 pages

Group Libel

part |49 pages

H

chapter |3 pages

Habeas Corpus

chapter |2 pages

Hamdi v. Rumsfeld (2004)

chapter |4 pages

Hand, Learned (1872–1961)

chapter |3 pages

Harlan, John Marshall (1833–1911)

chapter |2 pages

Harmless Error

chapter |2 pages

Harris v. Forklift Systems, Inc. (1993)

chapter |2 pages

Hatch Act

chapter |3 pages

Hate Crimes

chapter |3 pages

Hate Speech

chapter |2 pages

Haymarket Affair

chapter |2 pages

Hearing

chapter |2 pages

Hearsay

chapter |2 pages

Herrera v. Collins (1993)

chapter |3 pages

Hicklin Test

chapter |2 pages

Hiibel v. Nevada (2004)

chapter |2 pages

Hill v. Colorado (2000)

chapter |2 pages

Hodgson v. Minnesota (1990)

chapter |3 pages

Home Schooling

chapter |3 pages

Homeland Security Act

chapter |2 pages

Hoover, J. Edgar (1895–1972)

chapter |3 pages

Hostile Audience

chapter |2 pages

Hot Pursuit

chapter |4 pages

House Un-American Activities Committee

chapter |3 pages

Hughes, Charles Evans (1862–1948)

chapter |2 pages

Hunter v. Underwood (1985)

chapter |2 pages

Hurtado v. California (1884)

part |22 pages

I

chapter |1 pages

Illinois v. Gates (1983)

chapter |3 pages

Immigration Law

chapter |2 pages

Immunity

chapter |3 pages

Implied Powers

chapter |1 pages

In Forma Pauperis Petition

chapter |3 pages

In God We Trust

chapter |2 pages

Incorporation Doctrine

chapter |2 pages

Independent Expenditures

chapter |2 pages

Indian Appropriations Act of 1871

chapter |3 pages

Ineffective Assistance of Counsel

chapter |1 pages

Inevitable-Discovery Doctrine

chapter |3 pages

Initiatives and Referenda

chapter |3 pages

Interest Groups

chapter |2 pages

Intermediate-Level Scrutiny

chapter |3 pages

Internal Revenue Service

chapter |1 pages

Internal Security Act of 1950

chapter |4 pages

Internet and the World Wide Web

chapter |1 pages

IRS

part |23 pages

J

chapter |2 pages

Jackson, Robert H. (1892–1954)

chapter |2 pages

Jacobson v. United States (1992)

chapter |3 pages

Jefferson, Thomas (1743–1826)

chapter |3 pages

Jehovah's Witnesses

chapter |1 pages

Jim Crow Laws

chapter |2 pages

Johnson v. Louisiana (1972)

chapter |2 pages

Johnson, Frank M., Jr. (1918–1999)

chapter |3 pages

Johnson, Lyndon Baines (1908–1973)

chapter |3 pages

Judicial Review

chapter |2 pages

Jury Nullification

chapter |3 pages

Jury Size

chapter |2 pages

Jury Unanimity

chapter |2 pages

Just Compensation

chapter |3 pages

Juvenile Curfews

chapter |2 pages

Juvenile Death Penalty

chapter |4 pages

Juvenile Justice System

part |13 pages

K

chapter |2 pages

Katz v. United States (1967)

chapter |2 pages

Katzenbach v. Morgan (1966)

chapter |2 pages

Kennedy, Anthony M. (b. 1936)

chapter |2 pages

Kevorkian, Jack (b. 1928)

chapter |2 pages

Kimel v. Board of Regents (2000)

chapter |3 pages

King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929–1968)

chapter |2 pages

Klopfer v. North Carolina (1967)

chapter |3 pages

Korematsu v. United States (1944)

chapter |2 pages

Kunstler, William (1919–1995)

chapter |3 pages

Kyllo v. United States (2001)

part |42 pages

L

chapter |3 pages

Labor Union Rights

chapter |2 pages

Lady Chatterley's Lover

chapter |3 pages

Land Use

chapter |3 pages

Lawn Signs

chapter |3 pages

Lawrence v. Texas (2003)

chapter |2 pages

Lawyer Advertising

chapter |3 pages

Lawyers Defending Civil Liberties

chapter |3 pages

Least-Restrictive-Means Test

chapter |2 pages

Lee v. Weisman (1992)

chapter |2 pages

Legal Basis of Public Health

chapter |3 pages

Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)

chapter |1 pages

Lemon Test

chapter |3 pages

Libel

chapter |3 pages

Liberalism

chapter |2 pages

Libertarianism

chapter |3 pages

Liberty Versus License

chapter |2 pages

Lie Detector Tests

chapter |3 pages

Lilburne, John (1615–1657)

chapter |3 pages

Lincoln, Abraham (1809–1865)

chapter |1 pages

Living Will

chapter |2 pages

Lochner v. New York (1905)

chapter |2 pages

Locke, John (1632–1704)

chapter |2 pages

Locke v. Davey (2004)

chapter |2 pages

Loving v. Virginia (1967)

chapter |3 pages

Loyalty Oaths

chapter |2 pages

Lynch v. Donnelly (1984)

part |63 pages

M

chapter |3 pages

Madison, James (1751–1836)

chapter |2 pages

Magna Carta

chapter |2 pages

Maher v. Roe (1977)

chapter |3 pages

Mandatory Student Activity Fees

chapter |3 pages

Mann Act

chapter |2 pages

Mapp v. Ohio (1961)

chapter |3 pages

Marcuse, Herbert (1898–1979)

chapter |2 pages

Marketplace of Ideas

chapter |2 pages

Marriage, Right to

chapter |4 pages

Marshall, John (1755–1835)

chapter |3 pages

Marshall, Thurgood (1908–1993)

chapter |3 pages

Martial Law

chapter |2 pages

Massachusetts Body of Liberties

chapter |2 pages

Masses Publishing Co. v. Patten (1917)

chapter |3 pages

Mayflower Compact

chapter |2 pages

McCardle, Ex parte (1868)

chapter |2 pages

McCarran Act

chapter |2 pages

McCarthy, Joseph (1908–1957)

chapter |3 pages

McCarthyism

chapter |2 pages

McCleskey v. Kemp (1987)

chapter |2 pages

Meyer v. Nebraska (1923)

chapter |2 pages

Michael H. v. Gerald D. (1989)

chapter |3 pages

Military Commissions

chapter |2 pages

Military Surveillance of Civilians

chapter |3 pages

Mill, John Stuart (1806–1873)

chapter |2 pages

Miller Test

chapter |2 pages

Miller v. California (1973)

chapter |2 pages

Milligan, Ex parte (1866)

chapter |2 pages

Milton, John (1608–1674)

chapter |2 pages

Minnesota v. Dickerson (1993)

chapter |3 pages

Minor Political Parties

chapter |2 pages

Miranda v. Arizona (1966)

chapter |3 pages

Montesquieu, Baron of (1689–1755)

chapter |2 pages

Moore v. City of East Cleveland (1977)

chapter |2 pages

Mormons

chapter |3 pages

Movie Treatments of Civil Liberties

chapter |2 pages

Muller v. Oregon (1908)

chapter |2 pages

Murphy, Frank (1890–1949)

chapter |3 pages

Music Censorship

part |28 pages

N

chapter |2 pages

National Firearms Act of 1934

chapter |3 pages

Natural Law

chapter |2 pages

Natural Rights

chapter |4 pages

Naturalization

chapter |2 pages

Near v. Minnesota (1931)

chapter |2 pages

Negative and Positive Liberties

chapter |2 pages

New Jersey v. T.L.O. (1985)

chapter |2 pages

New York Times Co. v. Sullivan (1964)

chapter |2 pages

New York v. Ferber (1982)

chapter |4 pages

Nixon, Richard M. (1913–1994)

chapter |2 pages

Noise, Freedom from

chapter |2 pages

No-Knock Warrant

chapter |2 pages

Northwest Ordinance

chapter |3 pages

Nude Dancing

part |16 pages

O

chapter |2 pages

Oaths of Office

chapter |3 pages

Obscenity

chapter |4 pages

O'Connor, Sandra Day (b. 1930)

chapter |2 pages

Oklahoma City Bombing

chapter |2 pages

Olmstead v. United States (1928)

chapter |2 pages

Open-Fields Exception

chapter |1 pages

Original Intent

chapter |2 pages

Original Jurisdiction

chapter |3 pages

Orwell, George (1903–1950)

chapter |3 pages

Overbreadth Doctrine

chapter |3 pages

Overturning Supreme Court Decisions

part |75 pages

P

chapter |1 pages

Palko v. Connecticut (1937)

chapter |2 pages

Palmer Raids

chapter |3 pages

Parental Rights

chapter |2 pages

Parents Music Resource Center

chapter |2 pages

Paris Adult Theatre I v. Slaton (1973)

chapter |1 pages

Patents

chapter |4 pages

Patriot Act

chapter |2 pages

Payne v. Tennessee (1991)

chapter |2 pages

Penn, William (1644–1718)

chapter |2 pages

Pennsylvania Coal v. Mahon (1922)

chapter |2 pages

Pennsylvania v. Mimms (1977)

chapter |2 pages

Pennsylvania v. Nelson (1956)

chapter |3 pages

Personhood

chapter |3 pages

Petition of Right

chapter |2 pages

Physician-Assisted Suicide

chapter |2 pages

Pierce v. Society of Sisters (1925)

chapter |2 pages

Plain-Sight Doctrine

chapter |3 pages

Plea Bargaining

chapter |2 pages

Police Brutality

chapter |3 pages

Police Power

chapter |4 pages

Police, Restrictions on

chapter |3 pages

Political Parties

chapter |2 pages

Political Patronage

chapter |2 pages

Political-Question Doctrine

chapter |3 pages

Polygamy

chapter |3 pages

Pornography

chapter |2 pages

Posse Comitatus

chapter |2 pages

Powell v. Alabama (1932)

chapter |3 pages

Prayer in Schools

chapter |3 pages

Precedent

chapter |2 pages

Preemption

chapter |3 pages

Preferred-Freedoms Doctrine

chapter |4 pages

President and Civil Liberties

chapter |2 pages

Presidential Debates

chapter |3 pages

Preventive Detention

chapter |2 pages

Prison Litigation Reform Act

chapter |2 pages

Prisoners' Rights

chapter |4 pages

Probation

chapter |2 pages

Probationer Rights

chapter |1 pages

Procedural Due Process

chapter |1 pages

Prohibition

chapter |3 pages

Property Rights

chapter |3 pages

Proportionality of Sentences

chapter |2 pages

Prosecutorial Misconduct

chapter |2 pages

Public-Danger Exception

chapter |3 pages

Public Defenders

chapter |2 pages

Public Forum

chapter |1 pages

Publicity Act of 1910

chapter |3 pages

Pure-Speech Doctrine

chapter |4 pages

Putney Debates

part |6 pages

Q

chapter |2 pages

Quakers

chapter |3 pages

Quarantines

chapter |2 pages

Quinlan, In re (1976)

chapter |3 pages

Quirin, Ex parte (1942)

part |69 pages

R

chapter |2 pages

R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul (1992)

chapter |3 pages

Racial Profiling

chapter |2 pages

Random Drug Testing

chapter |2 pages

Rankin v. McPherson (1987)

chapter |2 pages

Rasul v. Bush (2004)

chapter |3 pages

Rational-Basis Test

chapter |2 pages

Red Baiting

chapter |2 pages

Red Scare (1919–1920)

chapter |3 pages

Rehnquist, William Hubbs (b. 1924)

chapter |3 pages

Release-Time Program

chapter |3 pages

Religious Holidays

chapter |3 pages

Religious Symbols and Displays

chapter |2 pages

Reply, Right to

chapter |4 pages

Republican Party

chapter |1 pages

Reynolds v. United States (1878)

chapter |3 pages

Richardson v. Ramirez (1974)

chapter |3 pages

Right of Confrontation

chapter |2 pages

Right of School Boards to Ban Books

chapter |4 pages

Right to Appeal

chapter |3 pages

Right to Counsel

chapter |2 pages

Right to Die

chapter |2 pages

Right to Education

chapter |3 pages

Right to Petition

chapter |3 pages

Right to Privacy

chapter |3 pages

Right to Travel

chapter |4 pages

Right to Vote

chapter |3 pages

Rights of Aliens

chapter |2 pages

Rights of Minors

chapter |2 pages

Rights of Witnesses

chapter |2 pages

Ring v. Arizona (2002)

chapter |2 pages

Ripeness

chapter |2 pages

Rivera, Diego (1886–1957)

chapter |2 pages

Roadblocks

chapter |2 pages

Rochin v. California (1952)

chapter |5 pages

Roe v. Wade (1973)

chapter |2 pages

Romer v. Evans (1996)

chapter |2 pages

Rostker v. Goldberg (1981)

chapter |2 pages

Roth Test

chapter |3 pages

Rust v. Sullivan (1991)

part |87 pages

S

chapter |2 pages

Sattazahn v. Pennsylvania (2003)

chapter |2 pages

Scales v. United States (1961)

chapter |2 pages

Scalia, Antonin G. (b. 1936)

chapter |2 pages

Schenck v. United States (1919)

chapter |2 pages

Schlup v. Delo (1995)

chapter |2 pages

Schmerber v. California (1966)

chapter |3 pages

Scopes v. State of Tennessee (1927)

chapter |2 pages

Search

chapter |2 pages

Search Incident to Arrest

chapter |3 pages

Search of Student Lockers

chapter |3 pages

Search Warrants

chapter |2 pages

Second Amendment

chapter |1 pages

Section 1983 Actions

chapter |3 pages

Sedition Act of 1918

chapter |2 pages

Seditious Libel

chapter |2 pages

Seizure

chapter |3 pages

Selective Incorporation

chapter |1 pages

Self-incrimination

chapter |1 pages

Sell v. United States (2003)

chapter |3 pages

Separation of Church and State

chapter |2 pages

"Seven Dirty Words"

chapter |2 pages

Seventeenth Amendment

chapter |3 pages

Seventh Amendment

chapter |3 pages

Sexual Harassment

chapter |2 pages

Shapiro v. Thompson (1969)

chapter |2 pages

Sheppard v. Maxwell (1966)

chapter |2 pages

Sherbert v. Verner (1963)

chapter |4 pages

Sixth Amendment

chapter |3 pages

Skinner v. Oklahoma (1942)

chapter |2 pages

Slander

chapter |2 pages

Slaughterhouse Cases (1873)

chapter |3 pages

Smith Act Cases

chapter |2 pages

Smith v. Collin (1978)

chapter |2 pages

Solicitor General

chapter |3 pages

Souter, David H. (b. 1939)

chapter |1 pages

Special-Needs Doctrine

chapter |1 pages

Speedy Trial, Right to

chapter |2 pages

Standing

chapter |2 pages

Stanley v. Georgia (1969)

chapter |2 pages

State Action

chapter |3 pages

State Bills of Rights

chapter |2 pages

State Constitutional Rights

chapter |3 pages

State Courts

chapter |2 pages

Statute of Limitations

chapter |2 pages

Stevens, John Paul (b. 1920)

chapter |3 pages

Stewart, Potter (1915–1985)

chapter |2 pages

Stone v. Graham (1980)

chapter |3 pages

Stone, Harlan Fiske (1872–1946)

chapter |3 pages

Stop-and-Frisk

chapter |2 pages

Story, Joseph (1779–1845)

chapter |2 pages

Strickland v. Washington (1984)

chapter |3 pages

Strict Scrutiny

chapter |3 pages