This book, first published in 1992, presents an introduction to the nature of trade and transport in antiquity through a selection of translated literary, papyrological, epigraphical and legal sources. These texts illustrate a range of aspects of ancient trade and transport: from the role of the authorities, to the status of traders, to the capacity and speed of ancient ships.

It is clear that the actual means of transportation were crucial; the book illustrates the limitations of ancient transport technology and the consequences for the development of commerce. It focuses first on different aspects of transport over land and then on transport by river and concludes with a discussion of several aspects of ancient seafaring,

This book is ideal for students of ancient history.

part I|89 pages

Ideology and practice of ancient trade

part II|39 pages

The commodities

chapter 8|10 pages


chapter 9|7 pages

Wool and textiles

chapter 10|6 pages

Wine and oil

chapter 11|3 pages

Building materials

chapter 12|4 pages


part III|59 pages

Transport and means of transportation

chapter 15|5 pages

Transport over land

chapter 16|8 pages

The roads

chapter 17|3 pages

River transport

chapter 18|7 pages

Transport by sea

chapter 19|6 pages


chapter 20|3 pages

The sailing season

chapter 21|10 pages

The hazards of the sea

chapter 23|10 pages