Translating Italy in the Eighteenth Century offers a historical analysis of the role played by translation in that complex redefinition of women's writing that was taking place in Britain in the second half of the eighteenth century. It investigates the ways in which women writers managed to appropriate images of Italy and adapt them to their own purposes in a period which covers the 'moral turn' in women's writing in the 1740s and foreshadows the Romantic interest in Italy at the end of the century.


A  brief survey of translations produced by women in the period 1730-1799 provides an overview of the genres favoured by women translators, such as the moral novel, sentimental play and a type of conduct literature of a distinctively 'proto-feminist' character. Elizabeth Carter's translation of Francesco Algarotti's II Newtonianesimo per le Dame (1739) is one of the best examples of the latter kind of texts. A close reading of the English translation indicates a 'proto-feminist' exploitation of the myth of Italian women's cultural prestige.


Another genre increasingly accessible to women, namely travel writing, confirms this female interest in Italy. Female travellers who visited Italy in the second half of the century, such as Hester Piozzi, observed the state of women's education through the lenses provided by Carter. Piozzi's image of Italy, a paradoxical mixture of imagination and realistic observation, became a powerful symbolic source, which enabled the fictional image of a modern, relatively egalitarian British society to take shape.

chapter |5 pages


chapter 1|27 pages

Women's Writing in the Second Half of the Eighteenth Century

From the Domestic Novel to Representations of the Foreign

chapter 2|23 pages

Female Translators in the Eighteenth Century

The Role of Women as Literary Innovators

chapter 3|34 pages

Elizabeth Carter's Translation of Algarotti's

Newtonianismo per le Dame Female Learning and Feminist Cultural Appropriation

chapter 4|21 pages

Eighteenth-Century Travel Writing

Constructing Images of the Other

chapter 5|31 pages

Hester Piozzi's Appropriation of the Image of Italy

Gender and the Nation

chapter |3 pages