This short, accessible text takes on the global and pervasive phenomenon of hate crimes and hypothesizes potential fixes. Iganski and Levin detail evidence of hate violence in the 21st century, particularly religious hatred, ethnic, racial and xenophobic hatred, violence on the basis of sexual orientation and sexual identity, disablist violence, and violence against women, using the most recently published data from cross-national surveys produced by international organizations. This is an ideal addition to any course on social problems, violence, or hate crimes.

chapter 1|7 pages

Religious Hatred

chapter 2|9 pages

Racial, Ethnic, and Xenophobic Violence

chapter 3|6 pages

Homophobic and Transphobic Violence

chapter 4|5 pages

Disablist Violence

chapter 5|7 pages

Violence against Women

chapter 6|8 pages

The Brutality of Hate

chapter 8|6 pages

Hate Violence and Emotion

chapter 9|6 pages

Changing Cultures

Challenging Hate