The Recovery of Natural Environments in Architecture challenges the modern practice of sealing up and mechanically cooling public scaled buildings in whichever climate and environment they are located. This book unravels the extremely complex history of understanding and perception of air, bad air, miasmas, airborne pathogens, beneficial thermal conditions, ideal climates and climate determinism. It uncovers inventive and entirely viable attempts to design large buildings, hospitals, theatres and academic buildings through the 19th and early 20th centuries, which use the configuration of the building itself and a shrewd understanding of the natural physics of airflow and fluid dynamics to make good, comfortable interior spaces. In exhuming these ideas and reinforcing them with contemporary scientific insight, the book proposes a recovery of the lost art and science of making naturally conditioned buildings.

chapter |8 pages


chapter 1|21 pages

Airs, fears, dangers

chapter 2|40 pages

Climate and its annihilation

chapter 3|44 pages

Temperate climates

chapter 4|38 pages

Urban heat islands

chapter 5|43 pages


chapter 6|47 pages


chapter 7|27 pages

Mediterranean climates

chapter 8|43 pages

Continental climates

chapter 9|34 pages

Existing buildings: adapting hospitals

chapter 10|7 pages

Delivering the ‘recovery’