Published in 1970, this important work interprets the poem with a focus on the idiosyncrasies of its originally oral composition.

In part I, the main themes of the Odyssey such as ‘guest-friendship’ and ‘testing’ are investigated. The incorporation of these and other themes, such as ‘omens’ and the ‘homecomings of the Achaeans’, into the dramatic construction of the whole epic is also examined. In Part II, the main characters of the Odyssey are described: the Suitors, Telemachus, Odysseus and Penelope. So too are Theoclymenus and Laertes, whom traditional criticism has maligned or disregarded. The analysis of the characters tries to illumine features which are challenging for the contemporary reader. In the conclusion, the ‘plan’ of the Odyssey is reconstructed. The author argues that it would probably have been performed over the course of three days: two sessions each day, with each recitation maintaining its own artistic unity.

chapter I|15 pages

The Homecomings of the Achaeans

chapter II|22 pages

The Wanderings of Odysseus

chapter III|9 pages


chapter IV|5 pages


chapter V|6 pages


chapter VI|5 pages


chapter VII|5 pages

The Suitors

chapter VIII|10 pages


chapter IX|15 pages


chapter X|22 pages


chapter XI|5 pages