Almost All Aliens offers a unique reinterpretation of immigration in the history of the United States. Setting aside the European migrant-centered melting-pot model of immigrant assimilation, Paul Spickard, Francisco Beltrán, and Laura Hooton put forward a fresh and provocative reconceptualization that embraces the multicultural, racialized, and colonially inflected reality of immigration that has always existed in the United States. Their astute study illustrates the complex relationship between ethnic identity and race, slavery, and colonial expansion.

Examining the lives of those who crossed the Atlantic, as well as those who crossed the Pacific, the Caribbean, and the North American Borderlands, Almost All Aliens provides a distinct, inclusive, and critical analysis of immigration, race, and identity in the United States from 1600 until the present. The second edition updates Almost All Aliens through the first two decades of the twenty-first century, recounting and analyzing the massive changes in immigration policy, the reception of immigrants, and immigrant experiences that whipsawed back and forth throughout the era. It includes a new final chapter that brings the story up to the present day.

This book will appeal to students and researchers alike studying the history of immigration, race, and colonialism in the United States, as well as those interested in American identity, especially in the context of the early twenty-first century.

chapter 1|26 pages

Immigration, Race, Ethnicity, Colonialism

chapter 3|44 pages

An Anglo-American Republic?

Racial Citizenship, 1760–1860

chapter 4|38 pages

The Border Crossed Us1

Euro-Americans Take the Continent, 1830–1900

chapter 5|50 pages

The Great Wave, 1870–1930

chapter 6|60 pages

Cementing Hierarchy

Issues and Interpretations, 1870–1930

chapter 7|44 pages

White People's America, 1924–1965

chapter 8|45 pages

New Migrants From New Places

Since 1965

chapter 9|41 pages

Redefining Membership Amid Multiplicity

Since 1965

chapter 10|27 pages

The Return of White Supremacy?

chapter 11|22 pages