First published in 1998. Paul Valent sees that the dialectic is not between "life and death" but between "life and trauma". This text theorizes that the big issues of life can now be approached through the science of traumatology. Through communication with, and observation of, people whose lives have been stretched under stress or disrupted by trauma, the fulfilling components of their lives can be defined, oriented and categorized. It introduces the theory on the back of clinical and historical material, examining the current state of such concepts as stress, trauma, defences, memories, post post-traumatic stress disorder, and other illnesses. It should be of interest to those in the healing professions or to those who work with traumatized individuals, lawyers, social workers, clergy and those in the humanities in general.

part One|46 pages

An Introduction to the Field of Traumatology

part Two|66 pages

The Triaxial Framework: The Process, Parameters, and Depth Axes as Coordinates for Orientation of Concepts in Traumatic Stress and Fulfillment

chapter Chapter 3|29 pages

Components of Axis 1, the Process Axis

chapter Chapter 4|5 pages

Components of Axis 2, The Parameters Axis

chapter Chapter 5|13 pages

Components of Axis 3, the Depth Axis

chapter Chapter 6|12 pages

Illnesses and the Triaxial Framework

part Three|82 pages

Survival Strategies: An Octave for the Symphony of Traumatic Stress and Fulfillment

chapter Chapter 7|9 pages

Introduction to Survival Strategies

chapter Chapter 8|8 pages


chapter Chapter 9|9 pages


chapter Chapter 10|8 pages

Assertiveness: Goal Achievement

chapter Chapter 11|9 pages

Adaptation: Goal Surrender

chapter Chapter 12|9 pages

Fight: Defense

chapter Chapter 13|7 pages

Flight: Escape

chapter Chapter 14|8 pages

Competition: Struggle

chapter Chapter 15|8 pages

Cooperation: Love

part Four|19 pages

The Wholist Perspective: An Integrated Framework of Traumatic Stress and Fulfillment