ABSTRACT

Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Honduras are four Spanish speaking countries in Central America that possess uniformed military institutions. These four countries represent different approaches to reforms of civil-military relations, and embody varying degrees of success in both institutional democratization and the managing of security forces.

In this book, Orlando J. Pérez expertly examines the competing theories of civil-military relations in Central America to advance our understanding of the origins, consequences and persistence of militarism in Latin America.

Divided into four parts, Pérez begins by proposing a theoretical framework for analyzing civil-military relations, including an analysis of how U.S. foreign and military policy affects the establishment of stable civilian supremacy over the armed forces. Part Two examines the institutional and legal structures under which civil-military relations are carried out revealing in Part Three the reorientation of the missions and roles performed by the armed forces in each country. The concluding part analyzes the role beliefs of members of the military and public opinion about the armed forces in relation to other institutions. Combining both qualitative and quantitative data, Pérez bridges the gap between structural and cultural analyses for a more comprehensive understanding of the links between micro and macro level factors that influence civil-military relations and democratic governance.

chapter 2|15 pages

Guatemala

Building Democratic Civil–Military Relations after Genocide

chapter 3|14 pages

Honduras

Military Coup and Constitutional Arrangements

chapter 4|16 pages

El Salvador

Demilitarization and Democratization after Civil War

chapter 5|11 pages

Nicaragua

From Revolutionaries to National Army

chapter 7|13 pages

Democratic Values

The Impact of Crime and Insecurity1

chapter 8|17 pages

Public Opinion and the Armed Forces

chapter 9|11 pages

Military Role Beliefs

Assessing Progress Toward Democratic Civil–Military Relations