Existing literature has looked at many factors which have shaped Chinese pension reforms. As China’s pension reform proceeds in an expanding and localising fashion, this book argues that there is a pressing need to examine it in the context of China’s political institutions and economic transformations. The book takes a unique approach by looking at political institutions of the Chinese state and the changing conditions of the Chinese economy, which rarely receive proper treatment in the current analysis of China’s pension reforms.

chapter 1|21 pages


Learning about China through its pension reforms

chapter 2|37 pages

Explaining pension reform in China

The relevance of welfare state development theories

chapter 3|23 pages

Political institutions, economic conditions and pension policy in China

A theoretical argument

chapter 4|22 pages

Research methodology

How do we study China (and its pension system)

chapter 5|57 pages

The economic story

How does the Chinese pension system help economic growth through skill formation and labour retention

chapter 6|40 pages

The political story

How do Chinese political institutions shape the pension system?

chapter 7|15 pages


Economic rebalancing and the future of China’s pension system