The Mongols and the West provides a comprehensive survey of relations between the Catholic West and the Mongol Empire from the first appearance of Chinggis (Genghis) Khan’s armies on Europe’s horizons in 1221 to the battle of Tannenberg in 1410. This book has been designed to provide a synthesis of previous scholarship on relations between the Mongols and the Catholic world as well as to offer new approaches and conclusions on the subject. It considers the tension between Western hopes of the Mongols as allies against growing Muslim powers and the Mongols’ position as conquerors with their own agenda, and evaluates the impact of Mongol-Western contacts on the West’s expanding knowledge of the world.

This second edition takes into account the wealth of scholarly literature that has emerged in the years since the previous edition and contains significantly extended chapters on trade and mission. It charts the course of military confrontation and diplomatic relations between the Mongols and the West, and re-examines the commercial opportunities offered to Western merchants by Mongol rule and the failure of Catholic missionaries to convert the Mongols to Christianity.

Fully revised and containing a range of maps, genealogical tables and both European and non-European sources throughout, The Mongols and the West is ideal for students of medieval European history and the crusades.


chapter |7 pages


part |53 pages

The background

part |137 pages

The Mongol threat

chapter 3|27 pages

The Mongol invasions of 1241–4

chapter 4|25 pages

A remedy against the Tartars

chapter 5|21 pages

The halting of the Mongol advance

chapter 6|27 pages

Images of the enemy 1

chapter 7|35 pages

From confrontation to coexistence

The Golden Horde

part |130 pages

Hostility suspended

chapter 8|32 pages

An ally against Islam?

The Mongols in the Near East

chapter 9|20 pages

Temür 1 (Tamerlane) and Latin Christendom

chapter 11|35 pages

Mission to the infidel

part |36 pages


chapter 12|29 pages

A new world discovered?

chapter |5 pages