This book offers students an introduction to human spatial cognition and experience and is designed for graduate and advanced undergraduate students who are interested in the study of maps in the head and the psychology of space.

We live in space and space surrounds us. We interact with space all the time, consciously or unconsciously, and make decisions and actions based on our perceptions of that space. Have you ever wondered how some people navigate perfectly using maps in their heads while other people get lost even with a physical map? What do you mean when you say you have a poor "sense of direction"? How do we know where we are? How do we use and represent information about space?

This book clarifies that our knowledge and feelings emerge as a consequence of our interactions with the surrounding space, and show that the knowledge and feelings direct, guide, or limit our spatial behavior and experience. Space matters, or more specifically space we perceive matters. Research into spatial cognition and experience, asking fundamental questions about how and why space and spatiality matters to humans, has thus attracted attention. It is no coincidence that the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded for research into a positioning system in the brain or "inner GPS" and that spatial information and technology are recognized as an important social infrastructure in recent years.

This is the first book aimed at graduate and advanced undergraduate students pursuing this fascinating area of research. The content introduces the reader to the field of spatial cognition and experience with a series of chapters covering theoretical, empirical, and practical issues, including cognitive maps, spatial orientation, spatial ability and thinking, geospatial information, navigation assistance, and environmental aesthetics.

chapter Chapter 1|15 pages

Why is spatial special?

chapter Chapter 2|27 pages

Brief history of research into spatial cognition

chapter Chapter 3|19 pages

Maps in the head

chapter Chapter 4|35 pages

The structure of cognitive maps

chapter Chapter 5|20 pages

The acquisition of cognitive maps

chapter Chapter 6|29 pages

Spatial abilities and individual differences

chapter Chapter 7|25 pages

Communicating information about space

chapter Chapter 8|25 pages

Development of spatial cognition in children

chapter Chapter 9|20 pages

Feelings about space

chapter Chapter 10|22 pages

Space, information, and society