Cyanobacterial toxins are among the hazardous substances most widely found in water. They occur naturally, but concentrations hazardous to human health are usually due to human activity. Therefore, to protect human health, managing lakes, reservoirs and rivers to prevent cyanobacterial blooms is critical.

This second edition of Toxic Cyanobacteria in Water presents the current state of knowledge on the occurrence of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins as well as their impacts on health through water-related exposure pathways, chiefly drinking-water and recreational activity. It provides scientific and technical background information to support hazard identification, assessment and prioritisation of the risks posed by cyanotoxins, and it outlines approaches for their management at each step of the water-use system. It sets out key practical considerations for developing management strategies, implementing efficient measures and designing monitoring programmes. This enables stakeholders to evaluate whether there is a health risk from toxic cyanobacteria and to mitigate it with appropriate measures.

This book is intended for those working on toxic cyanobacteria with a specific focus on public health protection. It intends to empower professionals from different disciplines to communicate and cooperate for sustainable management of toxic cyanobacteria, including public health workers, ecologists, academics, and catchment and waterbody managers.

Ingrid Chorus headed the department for Drinking-Water and Swimming-Pool Hygiene at the German Environment Agency.

Martin Welker is a limnologist and microbiologist, currently with bioMérieux in Lyon, France.

chapter 1|11 pages


ByIngrid Chorus, Martin Welker
Size: 0.14 MB

chapter 2|150 pages

Cyanobacterial toxins

ByIngrid Chorus, Martin Welker
Size: 0.99 MB

chapter 3|49 pages

Introduction to cyanobacteria

ByLeticia Vidal, Andreas Ballot, Sandra M. F. O. Azevedo, Judit Padisák, Martin Welker
Size: 7.71 MB

chapter 4|82 pages

Understanding the occurrence of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins

ByBastiaan W. Ibelings, Rainer Kurmayer, Sandra M. F. O. Azevedo, Susanna A. Wood, Ingrid Chorus, Martin Welker
Size: 0.89 MB

chapter 5|106 pages

Exposure to cyanotoxins

Understanding it and short-term interventions to prevent it
ByIngrid Chorus, Martin Welker
Size: 6.89 MB

chapter 6|32 pages

Assessing and managing cyanobacterial risks in water-use systems

ByIngrid Chorus, Rory Moses McKeown
Size: 0.86 MB

chapter 7|71 pages

Assessing and controlling the risk of cyanobacterial blooms

Nutrient loads from the catchment
ByIngrid Chorus, Matthias Zessner
Size: 1.03 MB

chapter 8|58 pages

Assessing and controlling the risk of cyanobacterial blooms

Waterbody conditions
ByMike Burch, Justin Brookes, Ingrid Chorus
Size: 0.45 MB

chapter 9|27 pages

Managing cyanotoxin risks at the drinking-water offtake

ByJustin Brookes, Mike Burch, Gesche Grützmacher, Sondra Klitzke
Size: 0.67 MB

chapter 10|49 pages

Controlling cyanotoxin occurrence

Drinking-water treatment
ByGayle Newcombe, Lionel Ho, José Capelo Neto
Size: 0.36 MB

chapter 11|28 pages

Planning monitoring programmes for cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins

ByMartin Welker, Ingrid Chorus, Blake A. Schaeffer, Erin Urquhart
Size: 1.42 MB

chapter 12|20 pages


Site inspection and sampling
ByMartin Welker, Heather Raymond
Size: 0.22 MB

chapter 13|55 pages

Laboratory analyses of cyanobacteria and water chemistry

ByJudit Padisák, Ingrid Chorus, Martin Welker, Blahoslav Maršálek, Rainer Kurmayer
Size: 0.68 MB

chapter 14|56 pages

Laboratory analysis of cyanobacterial toxins and bioassays

ByLinda A. Lawton, James S. Metcalf, Bojana Žegura, Ralf Junek, Martin Welker, Andrea Törökné, Luděk Bláha
Size: 0.44 MB

chapter 15|28 pages

Public health surveillance, public communication and participation

ByLesley V. D’Anglada
Size: 1.71 MB