ABSTRACT

The conservation of monuments and historic sites is one of the most challenging problems facing modern civilization. It involves, in inextricable patterns, factors belonging to different fields (cultural, humanistic, social, technical, economical, administrative) and the requirements of safety and use appear to be (or often are) in conflict with the respect of the integrity of the monuments. The complexity of the topic is such that a shared framework of reference is still lacking among art historians, architects, structural and geotechnical engineers. The complexity of the subject is such that a shared frame of reference is still lacking among art historians, architects, architectural and geotechnical engineers. And while there are exemplary cases of an integral approach to each building element with its static and architectural function, as a material witness to the culture and construction techniques of the original historical period, there are still examples of uncritical reliance on modern technology leading to the substitution from earlier structures to new ones, preserving only the iconic look of the original monument. Geotechnical Engineering for the Preservation of Monuments and Historic Sites III collects the contributions to the eponymous 3rd International ISSMGE TC301 Symposium (Naples, Italy, 22-24 June 2022). The papers cover a wide range of topics, which include:  

- Principles of conservation, maintenance strategies, case histories

- The knowledge: investigations and monitoring

- Seismic risk, site effects, soil structure interaction

- Effects of urban development and tunnelling on built heritage

- Preservation of diffuse heritage: soil instability, subsidence, environmental damages

The present volume aims at geotechnical engineers and academics involved in the preservation of monuments and historic sites worldwide.

part |16 pages

Opening Address

chapter |14 pages

Welcome address

ByC. Viggiani
Size: 2.24 MB

part |38 pages

Kerisel Lecture

chapter |36 pages

Taking care of heritage, a challenge for geotechnical engineers

ByAlessandro Flora
Size: 3.29 MB

part |80 pages

Keynote lecture

chapter |13 pages

The historical underpinning of Winchester Cathedral – Heroic or horrific?

ByJ.B. Burland, J. Standing, J. Yu
Size: 1.16 MB

chapter |17 pages

Rethinking preventive conservation: Recent examples

ByP.B. Lourenço, A. Barontini, D.V. Oliveira, J. Ortega
Size: 0.81 MB

chapter |29 pages

Protecting the Sagrada Familia temple from railway tunnel construction

ByE.E. Alonso, A. Ledesma
Size: 2.85 MB

chapter |19 pages

Tunnelling under the San Francisco church in Guadalajara, Mexico

ByE. Ovando-Shelley, E. Botero, M. A. Díaz
Size: 1.71 MB

part |176 pages

Panel Lectures

chapter |18 pages

Under the skin

ByP. Smars
Size: 1.04 MB
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chapter |11 pages

Structural health monitoring of historic masonry towers: The Case of the Ghirlandina Tower, Modena

ByDonato Sabia, Giacomo Vincenzo Demarie, Antonino Quattrone
Size: 0.75 MB

chapter |12 pages

Shake table testing of pillared historical stone constructions (mandapam) of South India

ByArun Menon, Tamali Bhowmik, Shibu Samson, Jofin George
Size: 0.81 MB
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chapter |15 pages

The Grand Canal at Versailles: Geotechnical investigation, II

ByJ.D. Vernhes, P. Saulet, A. Heitzmann
Size: 1.28 MB
Size: 0.82 MB

chapter |12 pages

Observed interaction between Line C of Roma underground and the Cloaca Maxima

ByG.M.B. Viggiani, N. Losacco, E. Romani, A. Sonnessa
Size: 0.73 MB
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part Session 1|156 pages

Principles of conservation, maintenance strategies, case histories

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chapter |12 pages

The authenticity and the integrity of the soil and the foundation of heritage structure in Angkor

ByY. Iwasaki, M. Fukuda, M. Ishizuka, R. McCarthy, Y. Akazawa, T. Nakagawa, V. Ly
Size: 1.12 MB

chapter |12 pages

Digital transformation in the visual inspection of heritage railways tunnels: Technology, artificial intelligence and methodology

ByF. Foria, G. Miceli, M. Calicchio, G.M. Catigbac, G. Loprencipe
Size: 1.01 MB
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chapter |10 pages

Experimental study on the influencing factors of repairing white marble beam by MICP

ByJing Qiao, Jianhong He, Xichen Xu, Hongxian Guo, Xiaohui Cheng
Size: 0.47 MB

chapter |12 pages

Shake-table tests for the dynamic characterisation of an innovative isolator for seismic protection of statues

ByF. Castelli, V. Lentini, F. Lo Iacono, G. Navarra
Size: 0.65 MB

chapter |12 pages

Parametric simulations on the stability conditions of the masonry wall of Chandakas, Heraklion City, Crete, Greece

ByC. Loupasakis, N. Antoniadis, E. Grigorakou, I. Parcharidis, A.M. Tompolidi, M. Fragiadakis, V. Sithiakaki, E. Kanaki, P. Soupios, G. Kalousi V, P. Eleftheriou, P. Elias
Size: 0.71 MB

chapter |10 pages

Low-impact mitigation measures to contrast the instability processes affecting the Etruscan necropolis of Norchia

ByD. Spizzichino, G. Leoni, D. Boldini, S. Loreti, C. Margottini
Size: 0.96 MB

chapter |12 pages

Geotechnical investigation and stabilization of the foundations of a National Heritage site in Portugal, the Penedono Castle

ByP. Chitas, S. Rosa, A. Viana da Fonseca, A. Fonseca, W. Malvar
Size: 2.72 MB

chapter |12 pages

Lateral disconnection of foundations: A respectful seismic isolation of historic building

ByF. Somma, E. Bilotta, A. Flora, G.M.B. Viggiani
Size: 0.83 MB

chapter |9 pages

Restoration and renovation works for the Catacombs of San Gennaro in Napoli, Italy

ByA. Flora, F. de Silva, M. Ramondini, N. Flora
Size: 0.60 MB

chapter |11 pages

Geomorphological processes and rock slope instabilities affecting the AlUla archaeological region

ByJ.I. Gallego, C. Margottini, D. Spizzichino, D. Boldini, J.K. Abul
Size: 1.05 MB

part Session 2|210 pages

The knowledge: Investigation, monitoring and performance

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chapter |12 pages

The characterization of slope damage at the Civita di Bagnoregio plateau using a remote sensing approach

ByD. Donati, Lisa Borgatti, D. Stead, M. Francioni, M. Ghirotti, C. Margottini
Size: 1.03 MB
Size: 0.92 MB

chapter |9 pages

Static behaviour of in scale masonry vaults under imposed settlement of the supports

ByF. Roselli, M. Alforno, F. Venuti, A.M. Bertetto
Size: 0.62 MB
Size: 0.70 MB

chapter |12 pages

Cultural Heritage sites conservation and management: The case of the Circus Maximus in Rome

ByL.M. Puzzilli, G. Delmonaco, F. Traversa, V. Ruscito, F. Ferri, E. Mariani, C. Quadrozzi, P. Clemente, G. Bongiovanni, V. Verrubbi, M. Buonfiglio, F.M. Rossi
Size: 0.63 MB

chapter |11 pages

Ground motion InSAR monitoring for the protection of Baia Roman Thermae (Naples, Italy)

ByG. Leoni, F. Ferrigno, P.M. Guarino, L. Guerrieri, F. Menniti, D. Spizzichino, P. De Martino, M. Di Vito, E. Gallocchio, F. Pagano, M. Salvatori
Size: 1.42 MB

chapter |12 pages

Geotechnical-structural engineering for the preservation of Ninfeo Ponari in Roman Casinum

ByG. Modoni, M. Imbimbo, M. Serpe, E. Polito, M. Saccucci, R.L. Spacagna, E. Grande, M. Caponero, M.L. Mongelli, M. Valenti
Size: 0.96 MB

chapter |12 pages

Aubeterre-sur-Dronne Monolithic Church: Geotechnical and hydrogeological diagnosis

ByN. Carpentier, Eric Antoinet, Olivier Vigoureux
Size: 1.01 MB

chapter |12 pages

Effect of slow-moving landslides on a vaulted masonry building: The case of San Carlo Borromeo church in Cassingheno (Genova)

ByG.L.S. Sacco, C. Ferrero, C. Calderini, C. Battini, R. Vecchiattini
Size: 0.89 MB

chapter |12 pages

Assessing the causes of damages to the Osservanza Church in Bologna (Italy)

ByG. Marchi, C. Cremonini, A. Mastrangelo, M. Marchi, I. Bertolini, R. Lancellotta
Size: 1.25 MB

chapter |12 pages

A geotechnical insight into the soil-foundation system of the Two Towers of Bologna, Italy

ByM. Marchi, I. Bertolini, G. Gottardi
Size: 1.09 MB

chapter |12 pages

Monitoring and 3D surveys for the safety fruition of a hypogeum site

ByA. Scotto di Santolo, G. Bausilio, M. Danzi, U. Del Vecchio, D. Di Martire, D. Infante, M. Ramondini
Size: 0.93 MB

chapter |10 pages

An update on the Tower of Pisa

ByN. Squeglia, C. Viggiani
Size: 0.86 MB

part Session 3|258 pages

Seismic risk, site effects, soil structure interaction

chapter |11 pages

Dynamic centrifuge model tests on Tumulus Mounds on cut slopes

ByMai Sawada, Mamoru Mimura, Tatsuya Udo
Size: 0.67 MB

chapter |12 pages

Effects of 2012 Earthquake on the behavior of Ghirlandina tower in Modena

ByR.M. Cosentini, S. Foti, R. Lancellotta, D. Sabia
Size: 0.86 MB

chapter |11 pages

Development of a liquefaction damage assessment system based only on seismic records

ByM. Kazama, K. Toyabe, T. Otsuka, A. Kamura, S. Nakamura, S. Sato, K. Matsushita
Size: 0.73 MB

chapter |12 pages

How safe is Acropolis of Athens and its monuments to low probability earthquakes?

ByK. Pitilakis, S. Karafagka, A. Karatzetzou, E. Riga, M. Manakou, V. Eleftheriou
Size: 0.82 MB

chapter |10 pages

On the seismic protection of free-standing art objects by base isolation technique: A case study

ByDavide Pellecchia, Nicolò Vaiana, Salvatore Sessa, Luciano Rosati
Size: 0.50 MB

chapter |9 pages

Analysis of the seismic safety condition of the defensive walls of Cittadella

ByE. Grande, S. Lirer, G. Conte, D. Nostrali, G. Milani
Size: 0.76 MB
Size: 0.94 MB

chapter |12 pages

Effect of the presence of a historical underground quarry on site seismic response

ByG. Biondi, O. Fiandaca, D. Aliberti, E. Cascone
Size: 0.85 MB

chapter |12 pages

Evaluation of site effects by means of 3D numerical modeling of the Palatine Hill, Roman Forum, and Coliseum archaeological area

ByR. Razzano, M. Moscatelli, M. Mancini, F. Stigliano, A. Pagliaroli, G. Lanzo
Size: 1.13 MB

chapter |12 pages

Influence of soil deposit heterogeneity on the dynamic behaviour of masonry towers

ByA.F. D’Oria, G. Elia, A. di Lernia, G. Uva
Size: 0.69 MB

chapter |8 pages

An influence of the water supply in improved soil against liquefaction

ByNesil Özbakan, Burak Evirgen
Size: 0.60 MB

chapter |12 pages

Site characterization and preliminary ground response analysis for the monumental Complex of SS. Annunziata in Sulmona, Italy

ByC. Madiai, G. Ciardi, M. Manuel, F. Galadini, S. Amoroso
Size: 0.65 MB

chapter |11 pages

A simplified method for the estimation of earthquake-induced pore pressures

ByG. Boccieri, D. Gaudio, R. Conti
Size: 0.41 MB

chapter |13 pages

Evaluation of DSSI for the preservation of the Catania University Central Palace

ByG. Abate, S. Corsico, A. Fiamingo, S. Grasso, M.R. Massimino
Size: 0.91 MB

chapter |11 pages

Vulnerability assessment of historical cities including SSI and site-effects

ByC. Amendola, D. Pitilakis
Size: 0.48 MB

chapter |12 pages

Effects of local soil conditions on the seismic response of the historical area in San Giuliano di Puglia (Italy)

ByT. Fierro, M. Castiglia, F. Santucci de Magistris, M.G. Durante
Size: 0.80 MB
Size: 0.75 MB
Size: 0.63 MB

chapter |10 pages

Dynamic impedance functions for neighbouring shallow footings

ByE. Zeolla, S. Sica, F. De Silva
Size: 0.41 MB
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Size: 0.37 MB
Size: 0.80 MB

chapter |5 pages

Conservation of ancient Zrug church after landslide

ByIvan Strelbitsky
Size: 0.51 MB

part Session 4|122 pages

Effects of urban development and tunnelling on the built heritage

chapter |13 pages

The design of Venezia station of Rome Line C underground

ByE. Romani, M.D. Angelo, L. Sidera, A. Sciotti
Size: 1.12 MB

chapter |13 pages

Improvement of foundation soil behavior for Gründerzeit buildings in Austria using polyurethane resin injections

ByA. Dominijanni, M. Gabassi, F. F. Kopf, A. Minardi, A. Pasquetto
Size: 0.90 MB

chapter |11 pages

Late XIX century protection: The CampiFlegrei and Velia railway tunnels

ByD. De Simone, G.W. Ferrari
Size: 0.82 MB

chapter |15 pages

The use of the GIBV method for monitoring the effects of urban excavations on built heritage

ByL. Piciullo, S. Ritter, A.O.K. Lysdahl, L. von der Tann, J. Langford, F. Nadim
Size: 0.91 MB

chapter |11 pages

A critical evaluation of proxy measures used to quantify excavation-induced damage in masonry buildings

ByYiyan Liu, Burcu Gulen, Sinan Acikgoz, Harvey Burd, Ben Gilson, Alper Ilki, Korhan Deniz Dalgic
Size: 0.53 MB

chapter |13 pages

A macro-element model for the assessment of tunnelling-induced damage to masonry buildings

ByD.B. Gulen, S. Acikgoz, H.J. Burd
Size: 0.64 MB

chapter |4 pages

Impact assessment study of a 150-year-old government building in Chennai, India

ByDhanya Nair, Subhadeep Banerjee, A. Boominathanc, Arun Menon
Size: 0.30 MB

chapter |14 pages

Tunnelling effects on the Basilica di Massenzio: Computed and observed displacement fields

ByE. Romani, M. D’Angelo, L. Sidera, A. Sciotti, C. Ottaviani, S. Rampello
Size: 1.29 MB

part Session 5|158 pages

Preservation of diffused heritage

chapter |8 pages

Application of Ultrasonic Computed Tomography (UCT) technology to detect defects in stone

ByZhe Li, Junjie Wang, Kefei Li, Peng Zhao, Fei Qi
Size: 0.60 MB

chapter |12 pages

Flood vulnerability and damage assessment of earthen architectural heritage of the Iberian Peninsula

ByF. Trizio, F.J. Torrijo Echarri, C. Mileto, F. Vegas López-Manzanares
Size: 0.85 MB

chapter |9 pages

Climate change impacts on cultural heritage building foundations in Western Andalusia

ByA. Jaramillo Morilla, E.J. Mascort-Albea, R. Romero-Hernández, C. Soriano-Cuesta
Size: 0.90 MB

chapter |13 pages

The Garisenda Tower in Bologna: Effects of degradation of selenite basement on its static behaviour.

ByG. Dallavalle, A. Di Tommaso, G. Gottardi, T. Trombetti, R. Lancellotta, S. Lugli
Size: 1.11 MB
Size: 0.75 MB

chapter |12 pages

Comparison of two machine learning algorithms for anthropogenic sinkhole susceptibility assessment in the city of Naples (Italy).

ByG. Bausilio, M. Annibali Corona, D. Di Martire, L. Guerriero, R. Tufano, D. Calcaterra, M. Di Napoli, M. Francioni
Size: 0.79 MB

chapter |11 pages

Crack development in an old church building due to clay shrink-swell

ByM.A. Beroya-Eitner, M.A. Loreth, H. Zachert, M. Schneider, H. Tenbreul
Size: 0.54 MB
Size: 0.48 MB

chapter |9 pages

Bentonite based barriers for protecting offshore monuments from saltwater intrusion

ByHimanshu Yadav, T.V. Bharat
Size: 0.39 MB

chapter |12 pages

Historic masonry churches exposed to slow-moving landslides: A critical damage assessment

ByC. Ferrero, L. Cambiaggi, C. Calderini, R. Vecchiattini
Size: 0.96 MB

chapter |11 pages

GFRP anchoring systems for soft-rock geostructures with high cultural and environmental value

ByL. Sandrini, M.O. Ciantia, R. Castellanza, I. Bridi, G. Balconi, Perrone
Size: 1.05 MB

chapter |9 pages

Probabilistic evaluation of the seismic vulnerability of rock cavities in a historical Italian site

ByS. Fabozzi, M. Moscatelli, F. de Silva, L. Starita, E. Bilotta
Size: 0.39 MB

chapter |13 pages

Multi-scale stability analysis at San Pedro Cliff in the Alhambra Cultural Heritage

ByJ.A. Fernández-Merodo, R.M. Mateos, J.C. García-Davalillo, J.M. Azañón, C. Novo, R. Castellanza, D. Spizzichino, C. Margottini
Size: 1.30 MB
Size: 0.55 MB