The Routledge Handbook of Chinese Medicine is an extensive, interdisciplinary guide to the nature of traditional medicine and healing in the Chinese cultural region, and its plural epistemologies. Established experts and the next generation of scholars interpret the ways in which Chinese medicine has been understood and portrayed from the beginning of the empire (third century BCE) to the globalisation of Chinese products and practices in the present day, taking in subjects from ancient medical writings to therapeutic movement, to talismans for healing and traditional medicines that have inspired global solutions to contemporary epidemics. The volume is divided into seven parts:

  • Longue Durée and Formation of Institutions and Traditions
  • Sickness and Healing
  • Food and Sex
  • Spiritual and Orthodox Religious Practices
  • The World of Sinographic Medicine
  • Wider Diasporas
  • Negotiating Modernity

This handbook therefore introduces the broad range of ideas and techniques that comprise pre-modern medicine in China, and the historiographical and ethnographic approaches that have illuminated them. It will prove a useful resource to students and scholars of Chinese studies, and the history of medicine and anthropology. It will also be of interest to practitioners, patients and specialists wishing to refresh their knowledge with the latest developments in the field.

The Open Access version of this book, available at https://www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license

chapter |10 pages

An introduction

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part 1|149 pages

Longue Durée and formation of institutions and traditions

chapter 2|28 pages

Qi 氣

A means for cohering natural knowledge 1
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chapter 3|21 pages

Re-Envisioning Chinese medicine

The view from archaeology 1
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chapter 4|19 pages

The importance of numerology, part 1

State ritual and medicine
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chapter 5|18 pages

The importance of numerology, part 2 medicine

An overview of the applications of numbers in Huangdi neijing
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chapter 7|13 pages

The canonicity of the Yellow Emperor's Inner Classic

Han through Song
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chapter 8|13 pages

Pre-standardised pharmacology

Han through Song
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part 2|139 pages

Sickness and healing

chapter 11|8 pages

Case records Yi'an 醫案

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chapter 12|17 pages

Acupuncture illustrations

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chapter 14|13 pages

History of disease

Pre-Han to Qing
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chapter 15|15 pages

Pre-modern madness

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chapter 16|18 pages

Late imperial epidemiology, part 1

From retrospective diagnosis to epidemics as diagnostic lens for other ends, 1870s to 1970s
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chapter 17|19 pages

Late imperial epidemiology, part 2

New material and conceptual methods, 1980s to 2010s
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chapter 18|18 pages

Folk medicine of the Qing and Republican periods

A review of therapies in Unschuld's Berlin manuscripts
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part 3|98 pages

Food and sex

chapter 19|17 pages

What not to eat – how not to treat

Medical prohibitions 1
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chapter 23|12 pages

Sexing the Chinese medical body

Pre-modern Chinese medicine through the lens of gender
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chapter 25|8 pages

The question of sex and modernity in China, part 1

From xing to sexual cultivation
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chapter 26|10 pages

The question of sex and modernity in China, part 2

From new ageism to sexual happiness
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part 4|74 pages

Spiritual and orthodox religious practices

chapter 27|16 pages

Daoism and medicine 1

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chapter 28|10 pages

Buddhist medicine

Overview of concepts, practices, texts, and translations
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chapter 29|17 pages

Time in Chinese alchemy

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chapter 31|17 pages

Numinous herbs

Stars, spirits and medicinal plants in Late Imperial China 1
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part 5|75 pages

The world of Sinographic medicine

chapter 33|10 pages

Vietnam in the pre-modern period

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chapter 35|11 pages

Chinese-style medicine in Japan

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chapter 37|11 pages

Minority medicine

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part 6|74 pages

Wider diasporas

chapter 38|13 pages

Early modern reception in Europe

Translations and transmissions
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chapter 40|9 pages

Entangled worlds

Traditional Chinese medicine in the United States
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chapter 41|14 pages

The migration of acupuncture through the Imperium Hispanicum

Case studies from Cuba, Guatemala, and the Philippines
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chapter 42|14 pages

Long and winding roads

The transfer of Chinese medical practices to African contexts
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chapter 43|10 pages

Translating Chinese medicine in the West

Language, culture, and practice
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part 7|119 pages

Negotiating modernity

chapter 44|13 pages

The Declaration of Alma Ata

The global adoption of a ‘Maoist’ model for universal healthcare
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chapter 45|11 pages

Communist medicine

The emergence of TCM and barefoot doctors, leading to contemporary medical markets
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chapter 49|20 pages

Yangsheng in the twenty-first century

Embodiment, belief and collusion
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chapter 50|14 pages

Liquorice and Chinese herbal medicine

An epistemological challenge
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chapter 51|21 pages

Decontextualised Chinese medicines

Their uses as health foods and medicines in the ‘global North’
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