In the absence of a widely accepted and common definition of social enterprise (SE), a large research project, the "International Comparative Social Enterprise Models" (ICSEM) Project, was carried out over a five-year period; it involved more than 200 researchers from 55 countries and relied on bottom-up approaches to capture the SE phenomenon. This strategy made it possible to take into account and give legitimacy to locally embedded approaches, thus resulting in an analysis encompassing a wide diversity of social enterprises, while simultaneously allowing for the identification of major SE models to delineate the field on common grounds at the international level.

These SE models reveal or confirm an overall trend towards new ways of sharing the responsibility for the common good in today’s economies and societies. We tend to consider as good news the fact that social enterprises actually stem from all parts of the economy. Indeed, societies are facing many complex challenges at all levels, from the local to the global level. The diversity and internal variety of SE models are a sign of a broadly shared willingness to develop appropriate although sometimes embryonic—responses to these challenges, on the basis of innovative economic/business models driven by a social mission. In spite of their weaknesses, social enterprises may be seen as advocates for and vehicles of the general interest across the whole economy. Of course, the debate about privatisation, deregulation and globalised market competition—all factors that may hinder efforts in the search for the common good–has to be addressed as well.

The second of a series of four ICSEM books, Social Enterprise in Latin America will serve as a key reference and resource for teachers, researchers, students, experts, policy makers, journalists and other categories of people who want to acquire a broad understanding of the phenomena of social enterprise and social entrepreneurship as they emerge and develop across the world.

chapter |26 pages


Social Enterprise in Latin America: Context and Concepts
ByMarthe Nyssens, Fernanda Wanderley, Luiz Inácio Gaiger
Size: 0.32 MB

part I|209 pages

National Overviews of Social Enterprise

chapter 1|29 pages

Social- and Solidarity-Economy Organisations in Argentina

Diversity, Models and Perspectives 1
ByGonzalo Vázquez
Size: 0.55 MB

chapter 2|29 pages

Bolivian Cooperative and Community Enterprises

Economic and Political Dimensions
ByFernanda Wanderley
Size: 0.31 MB

chapter 3|27 pages

Brazilian Social Enterprises

Historical Roots and Converging Trends
ByAdriane Ferrarini, Luiz Inácio Gaiger, Marília Veríssimo Veronese, Paulo Cruz Filho
Size: 0.31 MB

chapter 4|25 pages

Social- and Solidarity-Economy Organisations in Chile

Concepts, Historical Trajectories, Trends and Characteristics
ByMichela Giovannini, Pablo Nachar-Calderón, Sebastián Gatica
Size: 0.43 MB

chapter 5|30 pages

Popular and Solidarity Economy in Ecuador

Historical Overview, Institutional Trajectories and Types of Organisation
ByMaría-José Ruiz-Rivera, Andreia Lemaître
Size: 0.36 MB

chapter 6|23 pages

Social Enterprise in Mexico

Origins, Models and Perspectives
BySergio Páramo-Ortiz
Size: 0.32 MB

chapter 7|13 pages

A Legal Approach to the Social and Solidarity Economy in Mexico

ByCarola Conde Bonfil, Leïla Oulhaj
Size: 0.23 MB

chapter 8|31 pages

Definition and Models of Social Enterprise in Peru

ByMaría Angela Prialé, Susy Caballero
Size: 0.39 MB

part II|74 pages

Comparative Analysis and Perspectives Across Latin America Countries

chapter 9|23 pages

Social Enterprises in Latin America

Patterns and Historical Relevance
ByLuiz Inácio Gaiger, Fernanda Wanderley
Size: 0.30 MB

chapter 10|24 pages

Social Enterprise as a Tension Field

A Historical and Theoretical Contribution Based on the Sociology of Absences and Emergences
ByJean-Louis Laville, Genauto Carvalho de França Filho, Philippe Eynaud, Luciane Lucas dos Santos
Size: 0.31 MB

chapter 11|25 pages

Latin American Social Enterprise Models in a Worldwide Perspective

ByJacques Defourny, Marthe Nyssens, Olivier Brolis
Size: 0.35 MB