This book presents an evidence-based approach to landscape planning and design for urban blue spaces that maximises the benefits to human health and well-being while minimising the risks. Based on applied research and evidence from primary and secondary data sources stemming from the EU-funded BlueHealth project, the book presents nature-based solutions to promote sustainable and resilient cities.

Numerous cities around the world are located alongside bodies of water in the form of coastlines, lakes, rivers and canals, but the relationship between city inhabitants and these water sources has often been ambivalent. In many cities, water has been polluted, engineered or ignored completely. But, due to an increasing awareness of the strong connections between city, people, nature and water and health, this paradigm is shifting.

The international editorial team, consisting of researchers and professionals across several disciplines, leads the reader through theoretical aspects, evidence, illustrated case studies, risk assessment and a series of validated tools to aid planning and design before finishing with overarching planning and design principles for a range of blue-space types.

Over 200 full-colour illustrations accompany the case-study examples from geographic locations all over the world, including Portugal, the United Kingdom, China, Canada, the US, South Korea, Singapore, Norway and Estonia. With green and blue infrastructure now at the forefront of current policies and trends to promote healthy, sustainable cities, Urban Blue Spaces is a must-have for professionals and students in landscape planning, urban design and environmental design.


Open Access for the book was funded by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 666773

The Open Access version of this book, available at

www.taylorfrancis.com/books/oa-edit/10.4324/9780429056161, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license

chapter |11 pages


BySimon Bell, Lora E. Fleming, James Grellier
Size: 0.08 MB

part Part I|76 pages

Water, blue space and health and well-being

chapter Chapter 1|23 pages

Blue space as an essential factor in environment and health

ByGeorge P. Morris, S. Mishra Himansu, Lora E. Fleming
Size: 2.87 MB

chapter Chapter 2|21 pages

Potential benefits of blue space for human health and well-being

ByMathew P. White, Lewis R. Elliott, Mireia Gascon, Bethany Roberts, Lora E. Fleming
Size: 0.56 MB

chapter Chapter 3|30 pages

Co-design with local stakeholders

ByMart Külvik, Mireia Gascon, Marina Cervera Alonso de Medina, Lewis R. Elliott, Jekaterina Balicka, Frederico Meireles Rodrigues, Monika Suškevičs
Size: 10.25 MB

part Part II|140 pages

Tools, indicators and models for planning and design

chapter Chapter 4|10 pages

Generating evidence in support of site planning and design

The BlueHealth toolbox
ByJames Grellier, Himansu S. Mishra, Lewis R. Elliott, Susanne Wuijts, Matthias F. W. Braubach
Size: 0.47 MB

chapter Chapter 5|28 pages

Assessing the land-water environment

ByHimansu S. Mishra, Katrin Saar, Simon Bell
Size: 6.61 MB

chapter Chapter 6|33 pages

Observing behaviour for site planning and design

ByPeeter Vassiljev, Cristina Vert, Simon Bell
Size: 15.71 MB

chapter Chapter 7|17 pages

Capturing affordances for health and well-being at the city scale

ByGloria Niin, Peeter Vassiljev, Tiina Rinne, Simon Bell
Size: 6.79 MB

chapter Chapter 8|18 pages

Assessing city-wide and local health and well-being benefits

ByLewis R. Elliott, Mathew P. White, Cristina Vert, Wilma Zijlema, Peeter Vassiljev
Size: 5.04 MB

chapter Chapter 9|32 pages

A decision support tool for optimising blue space design and management for health

ByArnt Diener, Marco Martuzzi, Francesco Palermo, Mancini Laura, Giovanni Coppini, Matthias F.W. Braubach
Size: 7.08 MB

part Part III|222 pages

Inspirational practice for planning and design

chapter Chapter 10|8 pages

Reviewing the evidence for good planning and design

ByHimansu S. Mishra, Simon Bell, Jekaterina Balicka, Anna Wilczynńska
Size: 0.49 MB

chapter Chapter 11|49 pages

Urban river revitalisation

ByFriedrich Kuhlmann, Jekaterina Balicka, Anna Wilczyńska
Size: 30.42 MB

chapter Chapter 12|48 pages

Seafronts, beaches, lakesides and promenades

BySimon Bell, Himansu S. Mishra, Anna Wilczyńska, Jekaterina Balicka
Size: 31.51 MB

chapter Chapter 13|36 pages

Urban wetlands and storm water management

ByHimansu S. Mishra, Simon Bell, Anna Wilczyńska, Jekaterina Balicka
Size: 21.47 MB

chapter Chapter 14|34 pages

Docklands, harbours and post-industrial sites

BySimon Bell, Anna Wilczyńska, Jekaterina Balicka
Size: 23.18 MB

chapter Chapter 15|25 pages

Tactical urbanism, urban acupuncture and small-scale projects

ByJekaterina Balicka, Joanna Tamar Storie, Friedrich Kuhlmann, Anna Wilczyńska, Simon Bell
Size: 14.98 MB

chapter Chapter 16|20 pages

Future outlook studies

The use of scenarios to create healthy blue cities
ByJudith Hin, Susanne Wuijts
Size: 11.00 MB