In the absence of a widely accepted and common definition of social enterprise (SE), a large research project, the "International Comparative Social Enterprise Models" (ICSEM) Project, was carried out over a five-year period; it involved more than 200 researchers from 55 countries and relied on bottom-up approaches to capture the SE phenomenon. This strategy made it possible to take into account and give legitimacy to locally embedded approaches, thus resulting in an analysis encompassing a wide diversity of social enterprises, while simultaneously allowing for the identification of major SE models to delineate the field on common grounds at the international level.

These SE models reveal or confirm an overall trend towards new ways of sharing the responsibility for the common good in today’s economies and societies. We tend to consider as good news the fact that social enterprises actually stem from all parts of the economy. Indeed, societies are facing many complex challenges at all levels, from the local to the global level. The diversity and internal variety of SE models are a sign of a broadly shared willingness to develop appropriate—although sometimes embryonic—responses to these challenges, on the basis of innovative economic/business models driven by a social mission. In spite of their weaknesses, social enterprises may be seen as advocates for and vehicles of the general interest across the whole economy. Of course, the debate about privatisation, deregulation and globalised market competition—all factors that may hinder efforts in the search for the common good–has to be addressed as well.

The first of a series of four ICSEM books, Social Enterprise in Asia will serve as a key reference and resource for teachers, researchers, students, experts, policy makers, journalists and other categories of people who want to acquire a broad understanding of the phenomena of social enterprise and social entrepreneurship as they emerge and develop across the world.

chapter |13 pages


The Rising Interest for Social Enterprise in Asia
Edited ByEric Bidet, Jacques Defourny
Size: 0.23 MB

part Part I|141 pages

National Overviews of Social Enterprise

chapter 1|19 pages

Social Enterprise in Cambodia

Typology and Institutionalisation
BySothy Khieng, Isaac Lyne
Size: 0.27 MB

chapter 2|20 pages

Social Enterprise in China

Key Features and New Trends
ByXiaomin Yu
Size: 0.47 MB

chapter 3|23 pages

Social Entrepreneurship in India

Models and Application
ByAnirudh Agrawal, Prajakta Khare
Size: 0.34 MB

chapter 4|18 pages

Social Enterprise in Indonesia

Emerging Models Under Transition Government
ByAluisius Hery Pratono, Pauline Pramudija, Ari Sutanti
Size: 0.23 MB

chapter 5|19 pages

Models of Social Enterprise in South Korea

Edited ByEric Bidet, Hyungsik Eum, Jieun Ryu
Size: 0.28 MB

chapter 6|21 pages

Taiwanese Social Enterprises

A Context Marked by Strong Interactions Between the State and Civil Society
ByYu-Yuan Kuan, Shu-Twu Wang
Size: 0.28 MB

chapter 7|19 pages

Social Enterprise Landscape in Thailand

ByPrapin Nuchpiam, Chanya Punyakumpol
Size: 0.55 MB

part Part II|50 pages

Social Enterprise in Specific Fields

chapter 8|26 pages

The Emergence of Community-Oriented Rural Social Enterprises in Japan

ByMatsuyo Makino, Ken’ichi Kitajima
Size: 1.23 MB

chapter 9|22 pages

Social Enterprise for Rural Community Development

Lessons From Two Case Studies in Indonesia and Taiwan
ByAluisius Hery Pratono, Yu-Feng Wong
Size: 0.41 MB

part |41 pages

Enterprise and Health and Social Services Provision

Size: 0.37 MB

chapter 11|19 pages

Social-Service-Provision Social Enterprises in Korea

ByDeok Soon Hwang
Size: 0.39 MB

part |42 pages

Enterprise and Health and Social Services Provision

chapter 12|21 pages

Social Enterprise in the Philippines

Social Enterprises With the Poor as Primary Stakeholders
ByMarie Lisa Dacanay
Size: 0.25 MB

chapter 13|19 pages

Dependent Interdependence

Government/Non-Profit Relationship in Human Services in China
ByYuanfeng Zhang
Size: 0.40 MB

part Part III|74 pages

Comparative Analyses and Perspectives

chapter 14|21 pages

Religious Influences on Social Enterprise in Asia

Observations in Cambodia, Malaysia and South Korea
ByIsaac Lyne, Jieun Ryu, Yong Yuan Teh, Tetsuya Morita
Size: 0.27 MB
Size: 0.40 MB

chapter 16|22 pages

Asian Social Enterprise Models in a Worldwide Perspective

Edited ByJacques Defourny, Marthe Nyssens, Olivier Brolis
Size: 0.29 MB

chapter |8 pages


Main Highlights About Social Enterprise in Asia
Edited ByEric Bidet, Jacques Defourny
Size: 0.16 MB