This book proposes an innovative conceptual framework to explore cultural organizations at a multilateral level and cultural mediators as key figures in cultural and institutionalization processes. Specifically, it analyzes the role of Ibero-American mediators in the institutionalization of Hispanic and Lusophone cultures in the first half of the 20th century by means of two institutional networks: PEN (the non-governmental writer’s association) and the International Institute of Intellectual Cooperation (predecessor to UNESCO). Attempting to combine cultural and global history, sociology, and literary studies, the book uses an analytical focus on intercultural networks and cultural transfer to investigate the multiple activities and roles that these mediators and cultural organizations set in motion. Literature has traditionally studied major figures and important centers of cultural production, but other regions and localities also played a crucial role in the development of intellectual cooperation. This book reappraises the place of Ibero-America in international cultural relations and retrieves the lost history of key secondary actors. The book will appeal to scholars from international relations, global and cultural history, sociology, postcolonial Studies, world and comparative literature, and New Hispanisms.

The Open Access version of this book, available at https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9780429299407, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

part Part I|62 pages

Politics of the Spirit

chapter 1|21 pages

Cultural Organizations, Networks and Mediators: An Introduction

ByDiana Roig-Sanz, Jaume Subirana
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chapter 2|22 pages

Rebuilding a Europe of Intellectuals (1918–1939)

ByChristophe Charle
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chapter 3|17 pages

Cultural Mediators and Their Complex Transfer Practices

ByReine Meylaerts
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part Part II|110 pages

Cultural Organizations

chapter 4|25 pages

A Representative Organization?

Ibero-American Networks in the Committee on Intellectual Cooperation of the League of Nations (1922–1939)
ByMartin Grandjean
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chapter 6|19 pages

International PEN and the Republic of Literature

ByRachel Potter
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chapter 8|29 pages

Barcelona on the International Map of Modernity

The Conferentia Club’s Role in the Interwar Period 1
ByGabriella Gavagnin
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part Part III|141 pages

Cultural Mediators

chapter 9|25 pages

Joan Estelrich and International Cooperation

From the Years of Expansió Catalana to His Activity for the PEN Club in the Early-Mid-1930s
BySílvia Coll-Vinent
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chapter 10|13 pages

The Spanish Center of the International PEN Through Its First Sumiller

From a Project of International Solidarity to an Expression of the Tensions of the Literary Society of Madrid (1922–1924)
ByLaurie-Anne Laget
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chapter 11|19 pages

The International Relations of the Catalan PEN Until 1936

Guests, Congressors and Visitors
ByJoan Safont Plumed
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chapter 12|15 pages

The International Dimension of the Portuguese “Politics of the Spirit”

António Ferro, Júlio Dantas, Fidelino de Figueiredo
ByÂngela Fernandes
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chapter 13|25 pages

Between the Local and the International

Enrique Gómez Carrillo and Antonio Aita at the International Institute of Intellectual Cooperation 1
ByLaura Fólica, Ventsislav Ikoff
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chapter 14|19 pages

Torres Bodet and the “Male Pedagogies”

Radiography of a Thought of Transcultural and Transnational Circulation 1
ByMauricio Zabalgoitia Herrera
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chapter 15|23 pages

Universalisms in Debate During the 1940s

International Organizations and the Dynamics of International Intellectual Cooperation in the View of Brazilian Intellectual Miguel Ozório de Almeida
ByLetícia Pumar
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