Understanding how to sustain the services that ecosystems provide in support of human wellbeing is an active and growing research area. This book provides a state-of-the-art review of current thinking on the links between ecosystem services and poverty alleviation. In part it showcases the key findings of the Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) programme, which has funded over 120 research projects in more than 50 countries since 2010. ESPA’s goal is to ensure that ecosystems are being sustainably managed in a way that contributes to poverty alleviation as well as to inclusive and sustainable growth. As governments across the world map how they will achieve the 17 ambitious Sustainable Development Goals, most of which have poverty alleviation, wellbeing and sustainable environmental management at their heart, ESPA’s findings have never been more timely and relevant.

The book synthesises the headline messages and compelling evidence to address the questions at the heart of ecosystems and wellbeing research. The authors, all leading specialists, address the evolving framings and contexts for the work, review the impacts of ongoing drivers of change, present new ways to achieve sustainable wellbeing, equity, diversity, and resilience, and evaluate the potential contributions from conservation projects, payment schemes, and novel governance approaches across scales from local to national and international.

The cross-cutting, thematic chapters challenge conventional wisdom in some areas, and validate new methods and approaches for sustainable development in others. The book will provide a rich and important reference source for advanced students, researchers and policy-makers in ecology, environmental studies, ecological economics and sustainable development.

The Open Access version of this book, available at https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9780429016295, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

part I|73 pages

Evolving framings and contexts

chapter 1|19 pages

Seeing the wood for the trees

Exploring the evolution of frameworks of ecosystem services for human wellbeing
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chapter 2|17 pages

Justice and equity

Emerging research and policy approaches to address ecosystem service trade-offs
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chapter 3|16 pages

Social-ecological systems approaches

Revealing and navigating the complex trade-offs of sustainable development
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chapter 4|19 pages

Limits and thresholds

Setting global, local and regional safe operating spaces
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part II|82 pages

Ongoing and rapid system changes

chapter 6|17 pages

Land use intensification

The promise of sustainability and the reality of trade-offs
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part III|84 pages

Improving governance

chapter 12|15 pages


Payments for ecosystem services and poverty alleviation?
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chapter 14|19 pages

Social impacts of protected areas

Exploring evidence of trade-offs and synergies
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part IV|61 pages

Achieving sustainable wellbeing

part V|14 pages

Concluding thoughts

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