This handbook offers a comprehensive analysis of the processes and actors contributing to autocratization in South Asia. It provides an enhanced understanding of the interconnectedness of the different states in the region, and how that may be related to autocratization.

The book analyzes issues of state power, the support for political parties, questions relating to economic actors and sustainable economic development, the role of civil society, questions of equality and political culture, political mobilization, the role of education and the media, as well as topical issues such as the Covid pandemic, environmental issues, migration, and military and international security. Structured in five sections, contributions by international experts describe and explain outcomes at the national level in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. The final section analyzes conditions for democracy and autocratization and how they are affected by the interplay of political forces at the international level in this region.

  • India – building an ethnic state?
  • Pakistan – the decline of civil liberties
  • Bangladesh – towards one-party rule
  • Sri Lanka – the resilience of the ethnic state
  • How to comprehend autocratization in South Asia – three broad perspectives

This innovative handbook is the first to describe and to explain ongoing trends of autocratization in South Asia, demonstrating that drivers of political change also work across boundaries. It is an important reference work for students and researchers of South Asian Studies, Asian Studies, Area Studies and Political Science. 

The Open Access version of this book, available at https://www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

part |19 pages


Size: 2.87 MB

part I|118 pages


chapter 2|12 pages

Neo-authoritarianism in India under Narendra Modi

Growing force or critical discourse?
Size: 0.64 MB

chapter 3|14 pages

Prefiguring alternatives to autocratization

Democratic dissent in contemporary India
Size: 0.70 MB

chapter 4|10 pages

Autocratization in Kashmir

Size: 0.62 MB
Size: 0.61 MB
Size: 0.65 MB

chapter 7|11 pages

Living dangerously

The heartland heralds the new communal-authoritarian model of Indian democracy
Size: 0.70 MB

chapter 9|14 pages

India's inexorable path to autocratization

Looking beyond Modi and the populist lens
Size: 1.01 MB
Size: 0.63 MB

part II|68 pages


chapter 12|10 pages

Pakistan's hybrid regime

Growing democratization, or increased authoritarianism?
Size: 0.62 MB

chapter 13|11 pages

Religious clientelism and democratic choice

Clients of God
Size: 0.63 MB

chapter 14|11 pages

Digital autocratization of Pakistan

Size: 1.08 MB
Size: 0.61 MB
Size: 0.63 MB

chapter 17|13 pages

CPEC, governance, and China's Belt and Road in South Asia

The path of most resistance?
Size: 0.75 MB

part III|76 pages


chapter 18|11 pages


In pursuit of a one-party state?
Size: 0.70 MB

chapter 19|13 pages

The decline of democratic governance

Protests at the Phulbari and Rampal coal mine
Size: 0.67 MB

chapter 20|13 pages

Disaster governance and autocratic legitimation in Bangladesh

Aiding autocratization?
Size: 0.69 MB

chapter 21|11 pages

Islamist extremism in Bangladesh

A pretext for autocratization
Size: 0.64 MB

chapter 22|13 pages

Sheikh Hasina of Bangladesh

The making of a strongman regime
Size: 0.63 MB

part IV|49 pages

Sri Lanka

Size: 0.65 MB

chapter 26|10 pages

Global worker protests and tools of autocratization in Sri Lanka

Rendering them silent
Size: 0.63 MB
Size: 0.68 MB

part V|34 pages

How to comprehend autocratization in South Asia

Size: 0.65 MB

chapter 30|10 pages

AutocratiZation as an ideological project

Carl Schmitt's anti-liberalism in South Asia
Size: 0.64 MB