This book compares and contrasts publicly espoused security concepts in the Nordic region, and explores the notion of societal security.

Outside observers often assume that Nordic countries take similar approaches to the security and safety of their citizens. This book challenges that assumption and traces the evolution of ‘societal security’, and its broadly equivalent concepts, in Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland. The notion of societal security is deconstructed and analysed in terms of its different meanings and implications for each country, through both country- and issue-focused studies. Each chapter traces the evolution of key security concepts and related practices, allowing for a comparison of similarities and differences between these four countries. Using discourses and practices as evidence, this is the first book to explore how different Nordic nations have conceptualised domestic security over time. The findings will be valuable to scholars from across the geographical and theoretical spectrum, while highlighting how Nordic security discourses and practices may deviate from traditional assumptions about Nordic values.

This book will be of much interest to students of security studies, Nordic politics and International Relations.

The Open Access version of this book, available at https://www.routledge.com/Nordic-Societal-Security-Convergence-and-Divergence/Larsson-Rhinard/p/book/9780367492922, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

part Part I|42 pages


chapter 1|19 pages


Comparing and conceptualising Nordic societal security
BySebastian Larsson, Mark Rhinard
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chapter 2|21 pages

Societal security in theory and practice

ByMark Rhinard
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part Part II|86 pages

Nordic cases

chapter 3|23 pages

Swedish total defence and the emergence of societal security

BySebastian Larsson
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chapter 4|23 pages

The emergence and development of samfunnssikkerhet in Norway

ByClaudia Morsut
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chapter 5|18 pages

Tracing the Finnish Comprehensive Security Model

ByVesa Valtonen, Minna Branders
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chapter 6|20 pages

Conceptual and practical changes to security in Denmark

Expect the unexpected, decide the undecidable
ByTobias Liebetrau
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part Part III|93 pages

Issues and processes

chapter 7|23 pages

Designing resilience for security in the Nordic region

Implications for strategy
ByTrine Villumsen Berling, Karen Lund Petersen
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chapter 8|25 pages

From “spiritual defence” to robust resilience in the Finnish comprehensive security model

ByAri-Elmeri Hyvönen, Tapio Juntunen
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chapter 9|20 pages

Countering radicalisation in Norwegian terrorism policy

A welfare state approach to societal security
BySissel H. Jore
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part Part IV|28 pages


chapter 11|10 pages


Convergence and divergence in Nordic societal securities
BySebastian Larsson, Mark Rhinard
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chapter 12|16 pages


Security without society?
ByJ. Peter Burgess
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