This book offers a truly interdisciplinary exploration of our patterns of engagement with politics, news, and information in current high-choice information environments. Putting forth the notion that high-choice information environments may contribute to increasing misperceptions and knowledge resistance rather than greater public knowledge, the book offers insights into the processes that influence the supply of misinformation and factors influencing how and why people expose themselves to and process information that may support or contradict their beliefs and attitudes.

A team of authors from across a range of disciplines address the phenomena of knowledge resistance and its causes and consequences at the macro- as well as the micro-level. The chapters take a philosophical look at the notion of knowledge resistance, before moving on to discuss issues such as misinformation and fake news, psychological mechanisms such as motivated reasoning in processes of selective exposure and attention, how people respond to evidence and fact-checking, the role of political partisanship, political polarization over factual beliefs, and how knowledge resistance might be counteracted.

This book will have a broad appeal to scholars and students interested in knowledge resistance, primarily within philosophy, psychology, media and communication, and political science, as well as journalists and policymakers.

The Open Access version of this book, available at www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

chapter 1|28 pages


Toward Understanding Knowledge Resistance in High-Choice Information Environments
ByJesper Strömbäck, Åsa Wikforss, Kathrin Glüer, Torun Lindholm, Henrik Oscarsson
Size: 0.26 MB

chapter 2|20 pages

What is Knowledge Resistance? 1

ByKathrin Glüer, Åsa Wikforss
Size: 0.23 MB

chapter 3|20 pages

From Low-Choice to High-Choice Media Environments

Implications for Knowledge Resistance
ByJesper Strömbäck, Hajo Boomgaarden, Elena Broda, Alyt Damstra, Elina Lindgren, Yariv Tsfati, Rens Vliegenthart
Size: 0.21 MB

chapter 4|19 pages

Disinformation, Misinformation, and Fake News

Understanding the Supply Side
BySophie Lecheler, Jana Laura Egelhofer
Size: 0.32 MB

chapter 5|18 pages

Selective Exposure and Attention to Attitude-Consistent and Attitude-Discrepant Information

Reviewing the Evidence
ByDaniel Sude, Silvia Knobloch-Westerwick
Size: 0.19 MB

chapter 6|22 pages

Relevance-Based Knowledge Resistance in Public Conversations

ByEliot Michaelson, Jessica Pepp, Rachel Sterken
Size: 0.23 MB

chapter 7|20 pages

Responsiveness to Evidence: A Political Cognition Approach 1

ByNathaniel Rabb, Małgorzata Kossowska, Thomas J. Wood, Daniel Schulte, Stavros Vourloumis, Hannes Jarke
Size: 0.36 MB

chapter 8|18 pages

Reports of the Death of Expertise may be Exaggerated

Limits on Knowledge Resistance in Health and Medicine
ByHenri C. Santos, Michelle N. Meyer, Christopher F. Chabris
Size: 0.38 MB

chapter 9|21 pages

Is Resistance Futile? Citizen Knowledge, Motivated Reasoning, and Fact-Checking

ByPaula Szewach, Jason Reifler, Henrik Oscarsson
Size: 0.21 MB

chapter 10|20 pages

Uninformed or Misinformed? A Review of the Conceptual–Operational Gap Between (Lack of) Knowledge and (Mis)Perceptions

ByElina Lindgren, Alyt Damstra, Jesper Strömbäck, Yariv Tsfati, Rens Vliegenthart, Hajo Boomgaarden
Size: 0.20 MB

chapter 11|15 pages

Striving for Certainty

Epistemic Motivations and (Un)Biased Cognition
ByMałgorzata Kossowska, Gabriela Czarnek, Ewa Szumowska, Paulina Szwed
Size: 0.19 MB

chapter 12|15 pages

Political Polarization Over Factual Beliefs

ByRoderik Rekker
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chapter 13|18 pages

The Democratic Gold-Standard of Fact-Based Issue Ambivalence

ByJacob Sohlberg
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chapter 14|26 pages

Overcoming Knowledge Resistance: A Systematic Review of Experimental Studies

ByMichael Ingre, Torun Lindholm, Jesper Strömbäck
Size: 0.24 MB