The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in a mass exodus of India’s migrant workers from the cities back to the villages. This book explores the social conditions and concerns around health, labour, migration, and gender that were thrown up as a result of this forced migration.

The book examines the failings of the public health systems and the state response to address the humanitarian crisis which unfolded in the middle of the pandemic. It highlights how the pandemic-lockdown disproportionately affected marginalised social groups – Dalits and the Adivasi communities, women and Muslim workers. The book reflects on the socio-economic vulnerabilities of migrant workers, their rights to dignity, questions around citizenship, and the need for robust systems of democratic and constitutional accountability. The chapters also critically look at the gendered vulnerabilities of women and non-cis persons in both public and private spaces, the exacerbation of social stratification and prejudices, incidents of intimidation by the administration and the police forces, and proposed labour reforms which might create greater insecurities for migrant workers.

This important and timely book will be of great interest to researchers and students of sociology, public policy, development studies, gender studies, labour and economics, and law.

chapter 1|8 pages


Migration, work, and citizenship: COVID-19 and the faultlines of Indian democracy
Size: 0.27 MB

chapter 2|15 pages

Migrant labour on centre stage

But politics fails them
Size: 0.39 MB
Size: 0.37 MB

chapter 4|15 pages

Juridicalising justice?

COVID-19, citizenship claims, and courts
Size: 0.39 MB

chapter 5|14 pages

The ‘new normal’

Making sense of women migrants' encounter with COVID-19 in India
Size: 0.42 MB

chapter 6|16 pages

The long walk towards uncertainty

The migrant dilemma in times of COVID-19
Size: 0.51 MB

chapter 7|13 pages

Contestations of citizenship

Migrant labour, a benevolent state, and the COVID-19-induced lockdown in Kerala
Size: 0.36 MB

chapter 8|12 pages

Protecting livelihood, health, and decency of work

Paid domestic workers in times of COVID-19
Size: 0.38 MB

chapter 9|13 pages

Controlling journeys, controlling labour

COVID-19 and migrants
Size: 0.36 MB