This edited volume examines the changes that arise from the entanglement of global interests and narratives with the local struggles that have always existed in the drylands of Africa, the Middle East, and Central Asia/Inner Asia.

Changes in drylands are happening in an overwhelming manner. Climate change, growing political instability, and increasing enclosures of large expanses of often common land are some of the changes with far-reaching consequences for those who make their living in the drylands. At the same time, powerful narratives about the drylands as ‘wastelands’ and their ‘backward’ inhabitants continue to hold sway, legitimizing interventions for development, security, and conservation, informing re-emerging frontiers of investment (for agriculture, extraction, infrastructure), and shaping new dryland identities. The chapters in this volume discuss the politics of change triggered by forces as diverse as the global land and resource rush, the expansion of new Information and Communication Technologies, urbanization, the COVID-19 pandemic, and the spread of violent extremism. While recognizing that changes are co-produced by differently positioned actors from within and outside the drylands, this volume presents the dryland’s point of view. It therefore takes the views, experiences, and agencies of dryland dwellers as the point of departure to not only understand the changes that are transforming their lives, livelihoods, and future aspirations, but also to highlight the unexpected spaces of contestation and innovation that have hitherto remained understudied.

This edited volume will be of much interest to students, researchers, and scholars of natural resource management, land and resource grabbing, political ecology, sustainable development, and drylands in general.


The Open Access version of this book, available at www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

chapter 1|12 pages

Drylands, frontiers, and the politics of change

ByAngela Kronenburg García, Tobias Haller, Han van Dijk, Jeroen Warner, Cyrus Samimi
Size: 1.08 MB

part I|38 pages

Climate, environment, and narratives

chapter 2|17 pages

Climate variability and institutional flexibility

Resource governance at the intersection between ecological instability and mobility in drylands
ByHan van Dijk, Cyrus Samimi, Harald Zandler
Size: 0.88 MB

chapter 3|19 pages

Environmental crisis narratives in drylands

ByJeroen Warner, Angela Kronenburg García, Tobias Haller
Size: 0.17 MB

part II|102 pages

Resources, institutions, and power

chapter 4|20 pages

Wetlands in drylands

Large-scale appropriations for agriculture, conservation, and mining in Africa
ByAngela Kronenburg García, Andrea Pase, Tobias Haller, Luís Artur, Sá Nogueira Lisboa, Monika Mętrak, Marina Bertoncin, Malgorzata Suska-Malawska
Size: 0.83 MB

chapter 5|20 pages

Large-scale agricultural investments in drylands

Facing some blind spots in the grabbing debate
ByAndrea Pase, Irna Hofman, Angela Kronenburg García, Tobias Haller, Davide Cirillo, Markus Giger, Manuel Abebe, Kaspar Hurni, Marina Bertoncin
Size: 0.98 MB

chapter 6|19 pages

The ‘open cut’ in drylands

Challenges of artisanal mining and pastoralism encountering industrial mining, development, and resource grabbing
ByTroy Sternberg, Matthieu Bolay, Tobias Haller, Thomas Niederberger
Size: 0.53 MB

chapter 7|20 pages

Mega-infrastructure projects in drylands

From enchantments to disenchantments
ByTobias Haller, Andrea Pase, Jeroen Warner, Nurit Hashimshony-Yaffe, Angela Kronenburg García, Marina Bertoncin
Size: 0.69 MB

chapter 8|21 pages

The new green grabbing frontier and participation

Conserving drylands with or without people
ByEduard Gargallo, Tobias Haller, Dawn Chatty, Samuel Weissman, Heino Meessen, Markus Giger, Roman Maisuradze, Nikoloz Iashvili, Nino Chkhobadze
Size: 0.50 MB

part III|59 pages

Conflict, connection, and livelihoods

chapter 9|19 pages

Religious movements in the drylands

Ethnicity, jihadism, and violent extremism
ByHan van Dijk, Mirjam de Bruijn
Size: 0.15 MB

chapter 10|19 pages

Making cities in drylands

Migration, livelihoods, and policy
ByNurit Hashimshony-Yaffe, Qian Zhang, Ahmed Alhuseen
Size: 0.16 MB

chapter 11|19 pages

Drylands connected

Mobile communication and changing power positions in (nomadic) pastoral societies
ByMirjam de Bruijn, Qian Zhang, Hama Abu-Kishk, Bilal Butt, Nurit Hashimshony-Yaffe, Troy Sternberg, Annemiek Pas
Size: 0.17 MB

part IV|40 pages

Responses and potentials

chapter 12|21 pages

Pastoralists under COVID-19 lockdown

Collaborative research on impacts and responses in Kenyan and Mongolian drylands
ByJoana Roque de Pinho, Stanley Kutiti ole Neboo, Debra Seenoi, Angela Kronenburg García, Daniel Lepaiton Mayiani, Lenaai ole Mowuo, Matinkoi ole Mowuo, Nurit Hashimshony-Yaffe, Sabdio Wario Galgallo, Troy Sternberg, Batbuyan Batjav, Bolor-Erdene Battsengel, Enkhbayar Sainbayar, Andrea Pase
Size: 0.57 MB

chapter 13|17 pages

Alternative perspectives

A bright side of natural resource governance in drylands
ByAnnemiek Pas, Tobias Haller, Irene Blanco-Gutiérrez, Troy Sternberg, Patrick Meyfroidt
Size: 0.14 MB