This volume critically investigates how art historians writing about Central and Eastern Europe in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries engaged with periodization.

At the heart of much of their writing lay the ideological project of nation-building. Hence discourses around periodization – such as the mythicizing of certain periods, the invention of historical continuity and the assertion of national specificity – contributed strongly to identity construction. Central to the book’s approach is a transnational exploration of how the art histories of the region not only interacted with established Western periodizations but also resonated and ‘entangled’ with each other. In their efforts to develop more sympathetic frameworks that refined, ignored or hybridized Western models, they sought to overcome the centre–periphery paradigm which equated distance from the centre with temporal belatedness and artistic backwardness. The book thus demonstrates that the concept of periodization is far from neutral or strictly descriptive, and that its use in art history needs to be reconsidered.

Bringing together a broad range of scholars from different European institutions, the volume offers a unique new perspective on Central and Eastern European art historiography. It will be of interest to scholars working in art history, historiography and European studies.

part I|28 pages


chapter |11 pages


ByShona Kallestrup, Magdalena Kunińska, Mihnea Alexandru Mihail, Anna Adashinskaya, Cosmin Minea
Size: 2.17 MB

chapter 1|15 pages

Linear, Entangled, Anachronic

Periodization and the Shapes of Time in Art History *
ByMatthew Rampley
Size: 0.22 MB

part II|74 pages

We Have Always Been Byzantine

chapter 2|17 pages

Renaissances in Byzantium and Byzantium in the Renaissance

The International Development of Ideas and Terminology in Late Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Europe
ByAnna Adashinskaya
Size: 0.33 MB

chapter 3|20 pages

From Byzantine to Brâncovenesc

The Periodization of Romanian Art in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century
ByCosmin Minea
Size: 8.74 MB

chapter 4|20 pages

Regional Variations of the Byzantine Style

Canonization/Nationalization of Art and Architecture in South-Eastern Europe
ByTimo Hagen
Size: 4.86 MB

chapter 5|15 pages

Bulgarian versus Byzantine

The Unrealized Museum of the Bulgarian Revival and National Style Debates in Architecture, ca. 1900
ByAda Hajdu
Size: 3.34 MB

part III|53 pages

Our Art Is in Textbooks

chapter 6|16 pages

Sztuka: Zarys jej dziejów (Art: A Survey of Its History, 1872)

The Disciplinary and Political Context of Józef Łepkowski's Survey of Art History
ByMagdalena Kunińska
Size: 0.23 MB

chapter 7|20 pages

German Medievalism and Estonian Contemporaneity

Centre, Periphery and Periodization in the Histories of Baltic and Estonian Art, 1880s–1930s *
ByKristina Jõekalda
Size: 6.92 MB

chapter 8|15 pages

Periodization of Architecture in Croatian Art History

The Case of the ‘Renaissance’ and ‘Transitional’ Styles
ByDubravka Botica
Size: 3.13 MB

part IV|73 pages

Tradition Was Invented by Modernity

chapter 10|14 pages

Magmatic Foundations

The Emergence and Crystallization of Early Ideas of Periodization in Polish Painting in the Nineteenth Century
ByNatalia Koziara-Ochęduszko
Size: 0.22 MB

chapter 11|22 pages

Problematizing Periodization

Folk Art, National Narratives and Cultural Politics in Early Twentieth-Century Romanian Art History *
ByShona Kallestrup
Size: 6.96 MB

chapter 12|16 pages

Beyond the Provincial

Entanglements of Regional Modernism in Interwar Central Europe *
ByJulia Secklehner
Size: 4.49 MB

part V|32 pages

Turning Points

chapter 13|15 pages

Disaster and Renewal, 1241–42

The Transition from Romanesque to Gothic in the Historiography of Medieval Art in the Kingdom of Hungary *
ByMihnea Alexandru Mihail
Size: 0.23 MB

chapter 14|15 pages

Modernism versus Modernism

Socialist Realism and Its Discontents in Romania
ByIrina Cărăbaş
Size: 1.84 MB