This book is an exciting reappraisal of the role and practice of biodiversity monitoring, showing how new technologies and software applications are rapidly maturing and can both complement and maintain continuity with the best practice in traditional field skills.

Environmental monitoring is a key component in a large number of national programmes and constitutes an important aspect of understanding environmental change and supporting policy development. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, Monitoring Biodiversity begins by discussing monitoring as an established field and examines the various budgetary and technological challenges. It examines different methodologies, the variation between countries, and the design features relevant to understanding monitoring systems created for new policy goals or different funding situations. The huge variety of methods revealed across 18 chapters, which vary from statistical designs to remote sensing, interviews, surveys, and new ways of stacking and combining data and thematic information for visualization and modelling, underlines just how mature and multifaceted the modern practice of monitoring can be. It concludes with several problem-based chapters that discuss the design and implementation of environmental monitoring in specific scenarios such as urban and aquatic areas. All chapters include key messages, study questions, and further reading.

With a focus on Europe but with international relevance, Monitoring Biodiversity will be an essential resource for students at all levels of environmental monitoring, assessment, and management.

chapter 1|8 pages

Monitoring biodiversity: combining environmental and social data

ByE. Carina H. Keskitalo, Anna Allard, Alan Brown
Size: 0.10 MB

chapter 2|25 pages

Monitoring as a field

ByAnna Allard, Claire Wood, Lisa Norton, Andreas Aagard Christensen, Veerle Van Eetvelde, Alan Brown, Henrik Persson, Louise Eriksson
Size: 3.28 MB

chapter 3|25 pages

Demands on monitoring

ByAnna Allard, Santiago Guerrero, Andreas Aagaard Christensen, Armin Benzler, Magnus Appelberg, Göran Ståhl, Mats Sandewall
Size: 0.88 MB

chapter 4|15 pages

Designing monitoring systems

ByÅsa Ranlund, Anton Grafström, Alan Brown, Henrik Hedenås, Gregor Levin
Size: 0.47 MB

chapter 5|34 pages

Data collected in situ: unique details or integrated components of monitoring schemes

ByAnna Allard, Alan Brown, Clive Hurford, Christian Isendahl, Andreas Hilpold, Ulrike Tappeiner, Julia Strobl, Henrik Hedenås
Size: 6.96 MB

chapter 6|14 pages

Citizen science: data collection by volunteers

ByAnders Bryn, René Van der Wal, Lisa Norton, Tim Hofmeester
Size: 0.41 MB

chapter 7|26 pages

Remote sensing and Earth observation systems

ByMats Nilsson, Jonas Ardö, Mats Söderström, Anna Allard, Alan Brown, Luke Webber
Size: 3.62 MB

chapter 8|26 pages

New and changing use of technologies in monitoring: drones, artificial intelligence, and environmental DNA

ByAnna Allard, Luke Webber, Jonas Hentati Sundberg, Alan Brown
Size: 3.14 MB

chapter 9|28 pages

Managing hybrid methods for integration and combination of data

ByAnna Allard, Andreas Aagaard Christensen, Alan Brown, Veerle Van Eetvelde
Size: 1.82 MB

chapter 10|16 pages

Social data: what exists in reporting schemes for different land systems?

ByClaire Wood, Mats Sandewall, Stefan Sandström, Göran Ståhl, Anna Allard, Andreas Eriksson, Christian Isendahl, Lisa Norton
Size: 1.92 MB

chapter 11|11 pages

Understanding the social context of monitoring

ByE. Carina H. Keskitalo, Gun Lidestav
Size: 0.12 MB

chapter 12|18 pages

Register data as a resource for analysis

ByUrban Lindgren, Einar Holm
Size: 0.84 MB

chapter 13|14 pages

Survey questionnaires: data collection for understanding management conditions

ByKerstin Westin, Claire Wood, Urša Vilhar, Marcus Hedblom
Size: 0.79 MB

chapter 14|14 pages

Interviews with landowners and managers – what can they provide?

ByE. Carina H. Keskitalo, Elias Andersson
Size: 0.12 MB

chapter 15|30 pages

Designing and adapting biodiversity monitoring schemes

ByAlan Brown, Henrik Hedenås, Einar Holm, Torgny Lind, Anna E. Richards, Suzanne M. Prober, Becky Schmidt
Size: 1.76 MB

chapter 16|28 pages

Monitoring small biotopes and habitats with a history of cultural management

ByClive Hurford, Gregor Levin
Size: 6.54 MB

chapter 17|16 pages

Case study: reindeer husbandry plans – “Is this even monitoring?”

ByPer Sandström, Stefan Sandström, Ulrika Roos, Erik Cronvall
Size: 1.74 MB

chapter 18|9 pages

Reflections on monitoring: conclusions and ways forward

ByE. Carina H. Keskitalo, Alan Brown, Anna Allard
Size: 0.10 MB