The Routledge Handbook of Collective Intelligence for Democracy and Governance explores the concepts, methodologies, and implications of collective intelligence for democratic governance, in the first comprehensive survey of this field.

Illustrated by a collection of inspiring case studies and edited by three pioneers in collective intelligence, this handbook serves as a unique primer on the science of collective intelligence applied to public challenges and will inspire public actors, academics, students, and activists across the world to apply collective intelligence in policymaking and administration to explore its potential, both to foster policy innovations and reinvent democracy.

The Routledge Handbook of Collective Intelligence for Democracy and Governance

is essential reading and an authoritative reference for scholars, students, researchers and practitioners of public policy, public administration, governance, public management, information technology and systems, innovation and democracy as well as more broadly for political science, psychology, management studies, public organizations and individual policy practitioners, public authorities, civil society activists and service providers.

Visit the handbook's dedicated website, Smarter Together, for complementary material.

part 1|141 pages


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chapter 3|23 pages

Smarter together?

Collective intelligence and change in government
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chapter 4|8 pages

Collective intelligence and governance

Imagining government as a shared brain
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chapter 6|34 pages

Key defining concepts

Collective intelligence, democracy, and governance
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chapter 7|6 pages

Deliberative policymaking during COVID-19

The case of Taiwan
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chapter 8|7 pages

Crowdsourcing a constitution

The world's first crowdsourced constitution rises from the ashes in Iceland
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chapter 9|9 pages

Collective creativity and political entrepreneurship

The Alternative in Denmark (or why failure is an option)
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chapter 10|6 pages

How to facilitate the convergence of conflicting constellations of interests

Germany's “Agora Energiewende”
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chapter 11|9 pages

How collective political intelligence produced better policy

Political Task Committees in Gentofte, Denmark
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chapter 12|12 pages

From shouting matches to argument maps

An online deliberation experiment in Italy
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chapter 13|20 pages

Achieving parity with human moderators

A self-moderating platform for online deliberation 1
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chapter 14|12 pages

When bottom-up and top-down meet

The ADDIS process and the co-creation of the Nigeria Startup Bill
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chapter 15|5 pages

Reinventing local government through collective intelligence and artificial intelligence

How a Danish municipality harnesses citizen insights
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chapter 16|7 pages

Slowing down to better tackle a region's challenges

Lessons from Co-Intelligence Wallonia
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chapter 17|7 pages

Turning problem makers into creative problem solvers

How New York State creatively shifted the paradigm from managing troubled kids to engaging them
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chapter 18|12 pages

Tacit knowledge speaks the language of story

Morocco's Commission spéciale sur le modèle de développement
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chapter 19|7 pages

Challenging received wisdom and spreading innovation

Lessons from the Youth Justice Board
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chapter 20|6 pages

Hearing the marginalized

The jan sunwai in India
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chapter 22|7 pages

Dreaming, remembering, scaling, and innovating boldly

How a small French town initiated a journey towards “Zero unemployment”
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chapter |8 pages

Part 5 - Social innovation and bottom-up power

IntroductionLex Paulson
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chapter 26|7 pages

Smarter mediation, better dialogue

Lessons from a Swedish protest for local healthcare
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chapter 28|6 pages

To transform the community, change the story

The Fab City Global Initiative
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chapter 29|6 pages

Scaling personal initiatives into collective action

The citizen powerhouse of Sager der Samler in Aarhus, Denmark
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chapter |9 pages

Part 6 - Reimagining international governance

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chapter 31|6 pages

Unlocking the collaborative potential of national parliaments

The Open European Dialogue
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chapter 33|8 pages

Mobilizing collective intelligence and diversity toward Sustainable Development Goals

From global innovation labs to collective intelligence assemblies for sustainable development
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chapter 34|6 pages

Bridging science and diplomacy to build a universal agreement on the science of climate change

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
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chapter 35|7 pages

Nurturing the right context for fruitful dialogue

The case of Helmut Kohl's “gastrosophy”
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chapter 37|7 pages

Smarter crowdsourcing to tackle COVID-19

Beyond the open call
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chapter 38|10 pages

Mobilizing collective intelligence for adapting to climate change in the Arctic

The case of monitoring Svalbard's and Greenland's environment by expedition cruises
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chapter 41|12 pages

Turning organizations into innovation ecosystems

The Hexagon of Public Innovation model
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chapter 42|6 pages

Co-initiating, sensing, presencing, creating, and shaping

How the Scottish government applied Theory U for collective leadership against COVID-19
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chapter |12 pages

Part 8 - Closing Thoughts

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chapter |10 pages

Concluding dialogue

Collective intelligence and democracy, today and tomorrow
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