The Right-Wing Critique of Europe analyses the opposition to the European Union from a variety of right-wing organisations in Western, Central and Eastern Europe.

In recent years, opposition to the processes of globalisation and the programme of closer European integration, understood as a threat to the sovereignty of individual member states, has led to an intensification of Eurosceptic sentiments on the Old Continent. The results of the European parliamentary elections in 2014 and 2019, the Brexit referendum and electoral results in different European countries are all testament to the considerable growth of radical populist-nationalist and conservative-sovereignist movements and parties. The common idea that binds these groups, both in Western Europe and in Central and Eastern Europe, is a hostile attitude towards the idea of (an ever-more integrated) united Europe. These parties reject not only the project of building a European federation, but also the current model of the European Union and the values underlying its attitudes. They are united by their criticism of EU policies, in particular those concerning security, emigration, multiculturalism, gender equality and the rights of minorities, as well as economic liberalism and the common currency. However, this criticism manifests itself with varying degrees of intensity, and not all parties fit the classic definition of Euroscepticism but instead represent its mild form, Eurorealism. The authors bring together reflections on the organic and complex critique of the European Union, its policies and cultural and ideological character. The book provides a comparative analysis of this criticism at the transnational level.

This book will be of interest to researchers of European politics, the radical right and Euroscepticism.

The Open Access version of this book, available at www.taylorfrancis.com , has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution- Non Commercial- No Derivatives 4.0 license.

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part I|23 pages

Current nationalisms and the European integration process

chapter 1|11 pages

Against Europe or against Germany?

European integration and Germanophobia in France, Great Britain and Italy
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part II|150 pages

Nationalist, sovereignist and national-populist parties in Europe

chapter 4|11 pages

Pro-European, anti-EU?

The National Rally and European integration
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chapter 5|16 pages

Giorgia Meloni's new Europe

Europe of sovereign nations in the Brothers of Italy party manifestos
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chapter 6|14 pages

The League of Salvini

From a Europe of regions to a Europe of nations
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chapter 7|16 pages

English nationalism and its role in building support for Brexit

The case of UKIP and the Brexit Party
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chapter 8|9 pages

Ally, opponent or means to an end?

The role of the European Union in the Catalan independence process
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chapter 9|13 pages

‘Poland in Europe, Europe for Poland’

National populist narratives on the example of Kukiz'15
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chapter 11|14 pages

Between the past and the future

Eurosceptic political parties and the EU integration of Serbia 1
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part III|60 pages

Right-wing populist attitudes towards the EU

chapter 13|17 pages

United in diversity?

The preferences of populist parties in the European Parliament
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chapter 14|14 pages

(Momentarily) drifting into ideocracy in Central Europe

The case of Law and Justice and Fidesz
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chapter 15|12 pages

A European legal war?

Nationalist populism, the rule of law and the language of constitutionalism
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chapter 16|15 pages

Between patriotism and nationalism

National identity in the education policy of Law and Justice. Comments on the 2017 education reform
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part IV|18 pages

By way of a conclusion

chapter 17|16 pages

Pope Francis on Europe

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