This book analyses the factors and processes behind radicalization of both native and self-identified Muslim youths. It argues that European youth respond differently to the challenges posed by contemporary flows of globalization such as deindustrialization, socio-economic, political, spatial and psychological forms of deprivation, humiliation, and structural exclusion.

The book revisits social, economic, political, and psychological drivers of radicalization, and challenges contemporary uses of the term ‘radicalism’. It argues that neoliberal forms of governance are often responsible for associating radicalism with extremism, terrorism, fundamentalism, and violence. It will appeal to students and scholars of migration, minority studies, nationalisms, European studies, sociology, political science, and psychology.


Part I: Spatial Deprivation and Local Contexts

1. Please, don’t blame us. It is possible to be both Muslim and a good citizen in a Catholic country

2. The Root Causes of the Appeal of the Alternative für Deutschland to Native youth in Dresden: Heritage Populism

3. The Interplay of Psychological Stress, Aggression, Identity and Implicit Knowledge: Findings from a Qualitative Study of Disengagement and Deradicalisation Processes involving Former Right-Wing Extremists

Part II: Mental Processes of Radicalisation

4. Islamophobia and radicalisation: When attitudes of both mainstream society and Muslim immigrants become extreme

5. Radicalisation, Extremism or A Third Position?: How French Muslim Women Engage with the Challenges of Assimilation and Difference

6. Is it Radical for a Woman to Become a Stay-at-Home Mother or Wear a Headscarf?

Part III: Critical Analyses of Islamist Radicalisation

7. Risking Muslims: Counter-radicalisation policies and responses of Dutch Muslims to the racialization of danger

8. The Radicalisation of Moroccan-Origin Youth in Europe: The Case of France

9. Religiosities in a globalized market: Migrant-origin Muslim Europeans' self-positioning beyond the sending and receiving countries’ politics of religion

10. Commentary: Why Extremism?