Civil Democracy Protection is an overview of attempts by organisations to oppose groups that are perceived to threaten democracy.

The book traces the history of civil democracy protection actors from the establishment of democratic constitutional states up to the present day and develops a set of systematic and comparative approaches. The central question it explores is: What significance do civil actors have for the establishment and consolidation of democratic constitutional states, especially in relation to the protection of democracy by state institutions? The volume includes contributions from historians and social scientists, who combine idiographic approaches that focus on the specifics of individual cases with nomothetic approaches that aim to provide generalisable insights, incorporating historical experiences from various European countries and the USA in the 20th and early 21st century.

This book will be of interest to scholars of democracy protection, civil society, consolidation of democracy, and anti- extremism.

The Open Access version of this book, available at https://www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 International license.

chapter |9 pages


Size: 0.66 MB

part I|79 pages

Historical forerunners

chapter 1|20 pages

On the creation, destruction, and reformation of democratic protectionism

Human rights leagues in France and Germany
Size: 0.80 MB

chapter 2|19 pages

The Reichsbanner Black-Red-Gold

Militant democrats in the Weimar Republic *
Size: 0.76 MB

chapter 3|20 pages

University in an emergency?

Transnational networks of professors' counterprotest against the student movement of 1968
Size: 0.78 MB
Size: 0.78 MB

part II|95 pages

Country reports

chapter 5|26 pages


Promoting democratic values – political foundations as actors of civil democracy protection
Size: 1.44 MB

chapter 6|15 pages


“Protecting democracy” in the context of an established far-right Lager – counterprotest against a far-right ball
Size: 0.91 MB

chapter 7|13 pages


Civil democracy protection and the marginal role of anti-extremist organisations
Size: 0.79 MB

chapter 8|12 pages


Civil society and the protection of democracy – the case of Flanders
Size: 0.71 MB

chapter 9|12 pages


Civil society and the protection of democracy
Size: 0.72 MB

chapter 10|15 pages


Strengthening democracy between the state and society – the example of the Big Society programme
Size: 0.79 MB

part III|44 pages

Comparative studies

chapter 12|18 pages

Civil democracy protection in (East) Germany

Perspectives from the field
Size: 0.77 MB