This book presents a critical account of how citizenship unfolds among socially marginalised groups in democratic welfare states. Legal, political and sociological perspectives are applied to offer an assessment of the extent and depth of citizenship for marginalised groups in countries which are expected to offer their members a highly inclusive form of citizenship.

The book studies the legal and political status of members of a nation state, and analyses how this is followed up in practice, by examining the subjective feelings of membership, belonging or identity, as well as opportunities to participate actively and be included in different areas of society.

Showing how the welfare state and society treat citizens at risk of social exclusion and offering new insights into the conceptual interconnection between citizenship, social exclusion, and the democratic welfare state, the book will be of interest to all scholars, students and academics of social policy, social work and public policy.

0.Introduction.  Part One – Citizenship: Laws and public policies.  1.The Norwegian Welfare State: Towards a Crossroads?   2.Social Exclusion of Citizens of Democratic Welfare States.  3.The Norwegian Welfare State Adjusting to Crisis: Temporary Changes in Unemployment Benefit Regulations during the COVID-19 Pandemic and their Long-Term Implications.  4.The Exclusionary Potential of Work Inclusion Policies: Employers Addressing Their Responsibilities Towards Disabled People.  5.Social Exclusion and Disability: Exploring the Role of Ingroup/Outgroup Dynamics in Employment.  6.The right to respect for family life: Do parents have a right to parenting support?  7.Citizenship for future generations: The inclusion of future generations in welfare state considerations.  Part Two – Citizenship: On-the-ground experiences of membership.  8.Affective Citizenship: Social Exclusion of Families with Disabled Children During the COVID-19 Pandemic.  9.Norwegian labour activation: Building or limiting social citizenship for service users far from the labour market?  10.Economic preconditions for full citizenship: Refugees’ economic incorporation into the Norwegian welfare state.  11."I am torn to pieces": Transnational citizenship and COVID-19.  12.The Democratic Deficit, Political Participation and Demands for Social Inclusion in Truncated Welfare States.  13.Citizenship in democratic welfare states: A typology of social exclusion.