The Open Access version of this book, available at https://www.tandfebooks.com/doi/view/10.4324/9781315180250, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license

Adolescence is a pivotal time in a girl's life. The development of educational, physical, psychosocial, familial, political and economic capabilities enable girls to reach their full potential and contribute to the wellbeing of their families and society. However, progress is still significantly constrained by discriminatory gender norms and the related attitudes and practices which restrict girls’ horizons, restrain their ambition and, if unfettered, allow exploitation and abuse.

Empowering Adolescent Girls in Developing Countries explores the detrimental impact of discriminatory gender norms on adolescent girls’ lives across very different contexts. Grounded in four years of in-depth research in Ethiopia, Nepal, Uganda and Viet Nam, the book adopts a holistic approach, recognising the inter-related nature of capabilities and the importance of local context. By exploring the theory of gendered norm change, contextualising and examining socialisation processes, the book identifies the patriarchal vested interests in power, authority and moral privilege, which combine in attempts to restrict and control girls’ lives.

Throughout the book, Empowering Adolescent Girls in Developing Countries demonstrates how efforts to develop more egalitarian gender norms can enable disadvantaged adolescent girls to change the course of their lives and contribute to societal change. Accessible and informative, the book is perfect for policy makers, think tanks, NGOs, activists, academics and students of gender and development studies. 

chapter |21 pages


The significance of adolescence in the life course
ByNicola Jones, Elizabeth Presler-Marshall, Fiona Samuels
Size: 0.21 MB

chapter 1|19 pages

What can a focus on gender norms contribute to girls’ empowerment?

ByCaroline Harper, Rachel Marcus
Size: 0.19 MB

part 1|40 pages


chapter 2|19 pages

‘Sticky’ gendered norms

Change and stasis in the patterning of child marriage in Amhara, Ethiopia
ByNicola Jones, Bekele Tefera, Guday Emirie, Elizabeth Presler-Marshall
Size: 0.32 MB

chapter 3|19 pages

The politics of policy and programme implementation to advance adolescent girls’ well-being in Ethiopia

ByNicola Jones, Elizabeth Presler-Marshall, Bekele Tefera, Bethelihem Gebre Alwab
Size: 0.23 MB

part 2|39 pages


Size: 0.39 MB

chapter 5|18 pages

From national laws and policies to local programmes

Obstacles and opportunities in communications for adolescent girls’ empowerment in Uganda
ByGrace Kyomuhendo Bantebya, Florence Kyoheirwe Muhanguzi, Carol Watson
Size: 0.25 MB

part 3|37 pages

Viet Nam

chapter 6|17 pages

Intersecting inequalities

The impact of gender norms on Hmong adolescent girls’ education, marriage and work in Viet Nam
ByNicola Jones, Elizabeth Presler-Marshall, Tran Thi Van Anh
Size: 0.33 MB

chapter 7|18 pages

Triple invisibility

The neglect of ethnic minority adolescent girls in Viet Nam
ByNicola Jones, Elizabeth Presler-Marshall, Tran Thi Van Anh
Size: 0.21 MB

part 4|44 pages


chapter 8|16 pages

Small but persistent steps on the road to gender equality

Marriage patterns in Far West Nepal
ByFiona Samuels, Anita Ghimire
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chapter 9|13 pages

Continuity and slow change

How embedded programmes improve the lives of adolescent girls
ByFiona Samuels, Anita Ghimire, Matthew Maclure
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chapter 10|13 pages


Pushing the boundaries of social order: adolescent girls and norm change
ByCaroline Harper, Rachel Marcus
Size: 0.16 MB