ABSTRACT

Praise for the first edition: "The most up-to-date and wide-ranging encyclopedia work on human evolution available."--American Reference Books Annual "For student, researcher, and teacher...the most complete source of basic information on the subject."--Nature "A comprehensive and authoritative source, filling a unique niche...essential to academic libraries...important for large public libraries." --Booklist/RBB

chapter |125 pages

A

Size: 5.43 MB

entry |1 pages

Abbevillian

entry |1 pages

Abri Pataud

entry |2 pages

Acheulean

entry |1 pages

Adapidae

entry |1 pages

History of Study

entry |1 pages

Phylogenetic Relationships

entry |1 pages

Adapiformes

entry |1 pages

Adaptation(s)

entry |1 pages

Adaptive Radiation

entry |1 pages

Afar Basin

entry |1 pages

West-Central Basin

entry |1 pages

Middle Awash

entry |1 pages

Southern Afar Region

entry |1 pages

Aff.

entry |1 pages

Afontova Gora

entry |1 pages

Africa

entry |2 pages

Geology and Geography

entry |1 pages

The African Fossil Record

entry |1 pages

The Afro-Arabian Paleobiolocical Region

entry |1 pages

Regional Subdivision

entry |1 pages

Climatic History

entry |1 pages

Regional Taphonomic Biases

entry |4 pages

African Land-Mammal Ages

entry |2 pages

African Fossil Primates and Faunas

entry |1 pages

Miocene

entry |2 pages

Pliocene

entry |2 pages

Pleistocene

entry |1 pages

Africa, East

entry |3 pages

History of Paleoanthropological Discovery in East Africa

entry |3 pages

The Fossil Record

entry |1 pages

Evolution Of Hominins And Contemporary Cercopethecids

entry |2 pages

Evolution of Human Culture and Modern Morphology

entry |1 pages

Evolution of Modern Cultures in East Africa

entry |1 pages

Africa, North

entry |3 pages

The Fossil Record

entry |1 pages

Old World Monkeys

entry |1 pages

Human Fossils

entry |1 pages

Paleolithic Archaeology

entry |1 pages

Early Food Production in North Africa

entry |1 pages

Africa, Southern

entry |1 pages

Pre-Pliocene Primates

entry |4 pages

Plio-Pleistocene Humans and Other Primates

entry |1 pages

Afropithecus

entry |1 pages

Afrotarsius

entry |1 pages

Aggregation-Dispersal

entry |1 pages

Ahmarian

entry |1 pages

'Ain Ghazal

entry |1 pages

'Ain Hanech

entry |1 pages

Allele

entry |2 pages

Allometry

entry |1 pages

Altamira

entry |1 pages

Altamura

entry |1 pages

Altiatlasius

entry |1 pages

Ambrona

entry |1 pages

Americas

entry |2 pages

Primate History

entry |1 pages

South American Platyrrhines

entry |1 pages

Humans in the New World

entry |3 pages

Paleoindian Occupations

entry |1 pages

Later Developments

entry |1 pages

Amino-Acid Dating

entry |1 pages

Amud Cave

entry |1 pages

Amudian

entry |2 pages

Anaptomorphinae

entry |1 pages

Angles-sur-l'Anglin

entry |1 pages

Ankarapithecus

entry |1 pages

Antelian

entry |1 pages

Anteneanderthal

entry |1 pages

Anthropogene

entry |1 pages

Anthropoidea

entry |1 pages

Geographical Background

entry |2 pages

Morphology and Adaptation

entry |2 pages

Origins and Evolution: Hypotheses of Ancestry

entry |2 pages

Origins and Evolution: Fossil Evidence

entry |1 pages

Origins and Evolution: Geography

entry |1 pages

Macroevolutionary Patterns in Catarrhines and Platyrrhines

entry |1 pages

Anthropology

entry |1 pages

Anyathian

entry |1 pages

Apatemyidae

entry |1 pages

Ape

entry |1 pages

Gibbons

entry |1 pages

Orangutan

entry |1 pages

Chimpanzees

entry |1 pages

Gorilla

entry |1 pages

Apidima

entry |1 pages

Apollo-11

entry |1 pages

Arago

entry |1 pages

Arambourg, Camille (1885–1969)

entry |2 pages

Archaeolemuridae

entry |1 pages

Archaeological Sites

entry |1 pages

Classification of Sites

entry |1 pages

Classification By Context

entry |1 pages

Classification By Condition Of Cultural Remains

entry |1 pages

Classification By Site Location

entry |1 pages

Classification By Duration Of Occupation

entry |1 pages

Classification By Site Function

entry |1 pages

Archaeology

entry |1 pages

History of Archaeology

entry |1 pages

Subfields of Archaeology

entry |1 pages

Formation of the Archaeological Record

entry |1 pages

Recovery of Archaeological Data

entry |1 pages

Analysis of Data

entry |1 pages

Archaic Homo sapiens

entry |1 pages

Characteristics of “Archaic Homo sapiens”

entry |3 pages

Fossil Material of “Archaic Homo sapiens”

entry |1 pages

Africa

entry |1 pages

Far East

entry |1 pages

Status of “Archaic Homo sapiens”

entry |1 pages

Archaic Moderns

entry |1 pages

African Evidence

entry |1 pages

Western Asia

entry |1 pages

Archaic Moderns from Other Areas

entry |1 pages

Archonta

entry |2 pages

Ardipithecus ramidus

entry |1 pages

Asia, Eastern and Southern

entry |2 pages

Nonhuman Primate History in Eastern Asia

entry |5 pages

Human Paleontology and Archaeology

entry |1 pages

Asia, Western

entry |1 pages

Primate Fossils

entry |2 pages

Early Paleolithic

entry |1 pages

Middle Paleolithic

entry |3 pages

Upper Paleolithic

entry |1 pages

Transition to Food Production and Village Life

entry |2 pages

The Development of Complex Societies

entry |1 pages

Atapuerca

entry |1 pages

Atelidae

entry |1 pages

Atelinae

entry |1 pages

Ateloidea

entry |1 pages

Aterian

entry |1 pages

Athlitian

entry |1 pages

Aurignac

entry |2 pages

Aurignacian

entry |1 pages

Australia

entry |2 pages

Earliest Inhabitants

entry |3 pages

Theories on the Peopling of Australia

entry |1 pages

Australopithecus

entry |1 pages

Australopithecus

entry |1 pages

A. africanus

entry |1 pages

A. afarensis

entry |1 pages

A. anamensis

entry |1 pages

A. ramidus

entry |3 pages

Evolutionary Relationships

entry |2 pages

Australopithecus afarensis

entry |3 pages

Australopithecus africanus

entry |1 pages

Australopithecus anamensis

entry |1 pages

Australopithecus bahrelghazali

entry |1 pages

Australopithecus garhi

entry |1 pages

Awl

entry |1 pages

Azilian

chapter |26 pages

B

Size: 0.99 MB

entry |1 pages

Bacho Kiro

entry |1 pages

Badegoulian

entry |1 pages

Bambata

entry |1 pages

Baradostian

entry |1 pages

Baringo Basin/Tugen Hills

entry |1 pages

Tugen Hills Stratigraphy and Dating

entry |1 pages

Tugen Hills Hominoids and Other Primates

entry |1 pages

Baton de Commandement

entry |1 pages

Beidha

entry |1 pages

Belohdelie

entry |1 pages

Beryllium and Aluminum Nuclide Dating

entry |1 pages

Biache-St. Vaast

entry |1 pages

Biberson, Pierre (1909—)

entry |1 pages

Biface

entry |1 pages

Bilzingsleben

entry |1 pages

Biochronology

entry |1 pages

Biomechanics

entry |1 pages

Bipolar Technique

entry |1 pages

Birdsell, Joseph B. (1908–1994)

entry |1 pages

Bishop, Walter William (1931–1977)

entry |1 pages

Black, Davidson (1884–1934)

entry |1 pages

Blackwater Draw

entry |1 pages

Blade

entry |1 pages

Blombos

entry |1 pages

Bodo

entry |1 pages

Boker Tachtit

entry |1 pages

Bone Biology

entry |1 pages

Bone Behavior

entry |1 pages

Bone Structure and Function

entry |1 pages

Bone As a Record of Life History

entry |1 pages

Applications of Skeletal Biology

entry |1 pages

Skeletal Biology and Paleoanthropology

entry |1 pages

Bone Tools

entry |1 pages

Border Cave

entry |1 pages

Bordes, François (1919–1981)

entry |1 pages

Boucher de Perthes, Jacques (1788–1868)

entry |1 pages

Boule, [Pierre] Marcellin (1861–1942)

entry |1 pages

Bow and Arrow

entry |1 pages

Boxgrove

entry |1 pages

Brain

entry |1 pages

Lines of Evidence

entry |1 pages

Paleoneurology, or the Study of Endocasts

entry |6 pages

Evidence from Comparative Neuroanatomy

entry |1 pages

Summary

entry |1 pages

Branisellinae

entry |1 pages

Breccia Cave Formation

entry |1 pages

Breuil, [Abbé] Henri [Edward Prosper] (1877–1961)

entry |1 pages

Broad-Spectrum Revolution

entry |1 pages

Broca, Pierre Paul (1824–1880)

entry |1 pages

Bronze Age

entry |1 pages

Broom, Robert (1866–1951)

entry |1 pages

Buda Industry

entry |1 pages

Buluk

entry |1 pages

Burin

chapter |49 pages

C

Size: 1.87 MB

entry |1 pages

Calcium-41 Dating

entry |1 pages

Calico Hills

entry |1 pages

Callitrichinae

entry |1 pages

Candelabra Model

entry |1 pages

Capsian

entry |2 pages

Carpolestidae

entry |1 pages

Cartailhac, Émile (1845–1921)

entry |1 pages

Çatal Hüyük

entry |1 pages

Catarrhini

entry |1 pages

Catarrhine Characteristics

entry |1 pages

Relationships of Major Catarrhine Subgroups

entry |1 pages

Eocatarrhini: The Archaic Catarrhines

entry |2 pages

Eucatarrhini: The “Modern” Catarrhines

entry |1 pages

Cercopithecoidea

entry |1 pages

Cation-Ratio Dating

entry |1 pages

Cave of Hearths

entry |1 pages

Cebidae

entry |1 pages

Cebinae

entry |1 pages

Cenozoic

entry |1 pages

Ceprano

entry |2 pages

Cercopithecidae

entry |5 pages

Cercopithecinae

entry |1 pages

Cercopithecoidea

entry |1 pages

Cf.

entry |2 pages

Châtelperronian

entry |1 pages

Chauvet Cave

entry |2 pages

Cheirogaleidae

entry |1 pages

Chesowanja

entry |1 pages

Childe, Vere Gordon (1892–1957)

entry |1 pages

Chilhac

entry |1 pages

China

entry |1 pages

Chiwondo Beds

entry |1 pages

Chopper-Chopping Tools

entry |1 pages

Chromosome

entry |1 pages

Clacton

entry |1 pages

Clactonian

entry |1 pages

Clade

entry |1 pages

Cladistics

entry |1 pages

Methods of Character Analysis in Cladistics

entry |1 pages

Clark, J[ohn] Desmond (1916-)

entry |1 pages

Clarke, [Sir] John Grahame Douglas (1908–1996)

entry |1 pages

Classification

entry |1 pages

Practice of Animal Classification

entry |1 pages

Categories in the Hierarchy of Classification

entry |1 pages

Principles of Classification

entry |1 pages

Cleaver

entry |1 pages

Climate Change and Evolution

entry |1 pages

Long-Term Climate Trends

entry |1 pages

Short-Term Climate Influences

entry |1 pages

Climatic Influences on Hominid Evolution

entry |1 pages

Cline

entry |1 pages

Clothing

entry |1 pages

Clovis

entry |3 pages

Colobinae

entry |1 pages

Complex Societies

entry |1 pages

Definition

entry |1 pages

Development of Complex Society

entry |1 pages

Unicausal Models

entry |1 pages

Multicausal Models

entry |2 pages

Complex Societies around the World

entry |1 pages

Coon, Carleton Stevens (1904–1981)

entry |1 pages

Core

entry |1 pages

Cosquer Cave

entry |1 pages

Creswellian

entry |1 pages

Cro-Magnon

entry |1 pages

Cueva Morin

entry |1 pages

Cultural Anthropology

entry |1 pages

Culture

entry |1 pages

Cyclostratigraphy

entry |1 pages

Milankovitch Cycles

entry |1 pages

Precession

entry |1 pages

Obliquity

entry |1 pages

Eccentricity

entry |1 pages

Stratigraphy and Cycles: Proxy Curves

entry |1 pages

Stable-Isotope Ratios

entry |1 pages

Sapropels

entry |1 pages

Carbonate Cycles

entry |2 pages

Cycle Groups

entry |1 pages

Calibration

chapter |21 pages

D

Size: 0.87 MB

entry |1 pages

Dabban

entry |1 pages

Dali

entry |1 pages

Dar-es-Soltane

entry |1 pages

Dart, Raymond Arthur (1893–1988)

entry |1 pages

Darwin, Charles Robert (1809–1882)

entry |1 pages

Daubentoniidae

entry |1 pages

Dawaitoli

entry |1 pages

De Sonneville-Bordes, Denise (1919–)

entry |1 pages

Decoredon

entry |1 pages

Dendrochronology

entry |1 pages

“Dendropithecus-Group”

entry |1 pages

Denisova Cave

entry |1 pages

Dermoptera

entry |1 pages

Devon Downs

entry |1 pages

Die Kelders

entry |1 pages

Diet

entry |1 pages

Categorizing Primate Foods

entry |1 pages

Insectivory

entry |1 pages

Plant Eating (Herbivory)

entry |1 pages

Leaf- And Grass-Eating Primates

entry |1 pages

Fruit-Eating Primates

entry |1 pages

Gum-Eating Primates

entry |1 pages

Omnivory

entry |1 pages

Dingcun

entry |1 pages

Djetis

entry |1 pages

Djibouti

entry |1 pages

Dmanisi

entry |2 pages

DNA Hybridization

entry |1 pages

Dobzhansky, Theodosius (1900–1975)

entry |1 pages

Dolni Věstonice

entry |1 pages

Domestication

entry |1 pages

Benefits of Domestication

entry |2 pages

Identification of Domesticates

entry |1 pages

Origin of Domestication

entry |1 pages

Consequences of Domestication

entry |1 pages

Donrussellia

entry |1 pages

Drachenloch

entry |1 pages

Dragon Bones (and Teeth)

entry |1 pages

Drimolen

entry |1 pages

Dryopithecinae

entry |1 pages

Dryopithecus

entry |1 pages

Dubois, Eugene (1858–1941)

entry |1 pages

Dwarfism

entry |1 pages

Dyuktai

chapter |39 pages

E

Size: 1.60 MB

entry |1 pages

Early Paleolithic

entry |1 pages

East Africa

entry |1 pages

Southern Africa

entry |1 pages

Central Africa

entry |1 pages

North Africa

entry |1 pages

Southwest Asia

entry |1 pages

Eastern and Southern Asia

entry |2 pages

Europe

entry |1 pages

Early Stone Age

entry |1 pages

Ecology

entry |3 pages

Economy, Prehistoric

entry |1 pages

Ehringsdorf

entry |1 pages

Ekgmowechashalinae

entry |1 pages

El Wad

entry |1 pages

Emiran

entry |1 pages

Emireh Point

entry |1 pages

Engis

entry |1 pages

Eocatarrhini

entry |1 pages

Eocene

entry |1 pages

Eoliths

entry |1 pages

Eosimiidae

entry |1 pages

Epigravettian

entry |1 pages

Epipaleolithic

entry |1 pages

ESR (Electron Spin Resonance) Dating

entry |1 pages

Ethnoarchaeology

entry |1 pages

Ethology

entry |1 pages

Eucatarrhini

entry |1 pages

Euprimates

entry |1 pages

Europe

entry |2 pages

Rise of Primates

entry |4 pages

Earliest Human Colonization

entry |2 pages

Archaic Homo sapiens and the Acheulean: The Later Middle Pleistocene

entry |3 pages

The Middle Paleolithic and the Classic Neanderthals

entry |1 pages

Modern Humans and the Upper Paleolithic

entry |2 pages

The Early Postglacial: Mesolithic and Neolithic

entry |1 pages

Evolution

entry |1 pages

Natural Selection

entry |1 pages

Adaptation

entry |1 pages

The Modern Synthesis

entry |2 pages

Modern Evolutionary Theory

entry |1 pages

Evolutionary Morphology

entry |2 pages

Evolutionary Systematics (Darwinian Phylogenetics)

entry |1 pages

Exotics

entry |1 pages

Extinction

entry |1 pages

Competition and Extinction

entry |1 pages

Living Fossils and Extinction Rates

entry |1 pages

Mass Extinctions

entry |1 pages

Pleistocene Overkill

entry |1 pages

Modern Extinctions

entry |1 pages

Eyasi

chapter |12 pages

F

Size: 0.57 MB

entry |1 pages

Family

entry |2 pages

Fayum

entry |1 pages

Fejej

entry |1 pages

Fells Cave

entry |1 pages

Fire

entry |1 pages

First Intermediate

entry |2 pages

Fission-Track Dating

entry |1 pages

Flake

entry |1 pages

Flake-Blade

entry |1 pages

Florisbad

entry |1 pages

Flying-Primate Hypothesis

entry |1 pages

Folsom

entry |1 pages

Fontéchevade

entry |1 pages

Forensic Anthropology

entry |2 pages

Fort Ternan

entry |1 pages

Fossil

entry |1 pages

France

entry |1 pages

Frere, John (1740–1807)

entry |1 pages

Functional Morphology

chapter |22 pages

G

Size: 1.14 MB

entry |2 pages

Galagidae

entry |2 pages

Fossil Record

entry |1 pages

Gánovce

entry |1 pages

Gargas

entry |1 pages

Garrod, Dorothy Anne Elizabeth (1892–1968)

entry |1 pages

Gene

entry |1 pages

Genetics

entry |1 pages

Classical Genetics

entry |1 pages

Cytogenetics

entry |1 pages

Quantitative Genetics

entry |1 pages

Population Genetics

entry |1 pages

Molecular Genetics

entry |1 pages

Developmental Genetics

entry |1 pages

Genome

entry |1 pages

Genotype

entry |1 pages

Genus

entry |1 pages

Geochronometry

entry |1 pages

Gesher Benot Ya'acov

entry |1 pages

≠Gi

entry |1 pages

Gibraltar

entry |1 pages

Gigantism

entry |1 pages

Gigantopithecus

entry |1 pages

Glaciation

entry |2 pages

Evidence of Glaciation

entry |1 pages

The Ice Ages and Evolution

entry |1 pages

Gladysvale

entry |1 pages

Golden Spike

entry |1 pages

Gönnersdorf

entry |1 pages

Gorjanovic-Kramberger, Dragutin Karl (1856–1936)

entry |1 pages

Grade

entry |1 pages

Graecopithecus

entry |1 pages

Grande Coupure

entry |2 pages

Gravettian

entry |1 pages

Gregory, William King (1876–1970)

entry |1 pages

Grimaldi

entry |1 pages

Griphopithecus

entry |1 pages

Guitarrero Cave

chapter |48 pages

H

Size: 2.52 MB

entry |1 pages

Hadar

entry |1 pages

Paleoenvironment

entry |3 pages

Paleoanthropology

entry |1 pages

Haeckel, Ernst Heinrich (1834–1919)

entry |1 pages

Hahnöfersand

entry |1 pages

Hamburgian

entry |1 pages

Handaxe

entry |1 pages

Haplorhini

entry |1 pages

Harpoon

entry |1 pages

Haua Fteah

entry |1 pages

Hayonim

entry |1 pages

Heliopithecus

entry |1 pages

Hemanthropus (Hemianthropus)

entry |1 pages

Hexian

entry |1 pages

Higher Primates

entry |1 pages

Hoabinhian

entry |1 pages

Hoanghonius

entry |2 pages

Holocene

entry |1 pages

Hominidae

entry |1 pages

Homininae

entry |1 pages

Hominini

entry |1 pages

Hominoidea

entry |1 pages

Hominoid Origins

entry |1 pages

Gibbon Divergence and Hominid Origins

entry |1 pages

Orangutan Divergence

entry |4 pages

Hominines

entry |1 pages

Homo

entry |1 pages

Definitions of the Genus

entry |1 pages

The First Species of Homo

entry |2 pages

Homo erectus and Later Humans

entry |1 pages

Evidence for Early Cultural Activities

entry |1 pages

Continuing Questions

entry |1 pages

Homo antecessor

entry |1 pages

Homo erectus

entry |1 pages

First Discoveries in Asia

entry |1 pages

Geographic Distribution

entry |1 pages

Dating

entry |1 pages

Anatomical Characters of Homo erectus

entry |1 pages

Questions Concerning Taxonomy

entry |1 pages

Role of Homo erectus in Human Evolution

entry |1 pages

Homo ergaster

entry |1 pages

Background

entry |1 pages

Fossil Evidence

entry |1 pages

Taxonomy

entry |1 pages

Morphological Characteristics and Relationships of Homo ergaster

entry |1 pages

Homo habilis

entry |1 pages

First Evidence

entry |1 pages

Koobi Fora Evidence: The Case for Taxonomic Heterogeneity

entry |1 pages

Alternative Definitions of Homo habilis

entry |1 pages

Morphological characteristics of Homo habilis

entry |1 pages

Dating and Evolutionary Relationships of Homo habilis

entry |1 pages

Homo heidelbergensis

entry |1 pages

Homo neanderthalensis

entry |1 pages

Homo rudolfensis

entry |1 pages

Taxonomic context

entry |1 pages

Fossil Evidence

entry |1 pages

Morphological Characteristics and Relationships of Homo rudolfensis

entry |1 pages

Homo sapiens

entry |2 pages

Modern Homo sapiens

entry |1 pages

Origin of Modern Homo sapiens

entry |2 pages

Modern Homo sapiens Fossils from Outside Europe

entry |1 pages

Homology

entry |1 pages

Hooton, Earnest Albert (1887–1954)

entry |1 pages

Hope Fountain

entry |1 pages

Hopwood, Arthur Tindell (1897–1969)

entry |1 pages

Howells, William White (1908-)

entry |1 pages

Howieson's Poort

entry |1 pages

Hoxne

entry |1 pages

Hrdliča, Ales (1869–1943)

entry |1 pages

Human Paleontology

entry |1 pages

Hunter-Gatherers

entry |1 pages

Subsistence Practices

entry |1 pages

Technology

entry |1 pages

Social Organization

entry |1 pages

Political Relationships

entry |1 pages

Origins of Hunter-Gatherer Adaptations

entry |1 pages

Huxley, Thomas Henry (1825–1895)

entry |2 pages

Hylobatidae

entry |1 pages

Hypodigm

entry |1 pages

Hyporder

chapter |6 pages

I

Size: 0.45 MB

entry |1 pages

Ibero-Maurusian

entry |1 pages

Immunological Distance

entry |1 pages

Incertae Sedis

entry |2 pages

Indonesia

entry |1 pages

Indriidae

entry |1 pages

Indrioidea

entry |1 pages

Infraorder

entry |1 pages

Iron Age

entry |1 pages

Isaac, Glynn Llewellyn (1937–1985)

entry |1 pages

Ischial Callosities

entry |1 pages

Isernia

entry |1 pages

Ishango

entry |1 pages

Istállöskö

chapter |3 pages

J

Size: 0.40 MB

entry |1 pages

Jabrud

entry |1 pages

Jabrudian

entry |1 pages

Jarmo

entry |1 pages

Jebel Irhoud

entry |1 pages

Jerf 'Ajla

entry |1 pages

Jericho

entry |1 pages

Jewelry

entry |1 pages

Jia, Lanpo (Chia Lan-p'o or L. P. Chia) (1908-)

entry |1 pages

Jian Shi

entry |1 pages

Jinniushan

chapter |11 pages

K

Size: 0.61 MB

entry |2 pages

Kabwe

entry |1 pages

Kafuan

entry |1 pages

Kaitio Member

entry |1 pages

Kalambo Falls

entry |1 pages

Kalochoro Member

entry |1 pages

Kalodirr

entry |1 pages

Kanam

entry |1 pages

Kanapoi

entry |1 pages

Kanjera

entry |1 pages

Kapthurin

entry |1 pages

Karain

entry |1 pages

Karari

entry |1 pages

Kataboi Member

entry |1 pages

Katanda

entry |1 pages

KBS Member

entry |1 pages

Kebara

entry |1 pages

Kebaran

entry |1 pages

Kedung Brubus

entry |1 pages

Keilor

entry |1 pages

Keith, [Sir] Arthur (1866–1955)

entry |1 pages

Kenniff Cave

entry |1 pages

Kent's Cavern

entry |1 pages

Kenyapithecinae

entry |1 pages

Kenyapithecus

entry |1 pages

Kenyon, Dame Kathleen (1906-1978)

entry |1 pages

Kibish

entry |1 pages

Kirkbride, Diana

entry |1 pages

Klasies River Mouth

entry |1 pages

Koenigswald, Gustav Heinrich Ralph von (1902–1982)

entry |1 pages

Konso

entry |1 pages

Koonalda Cave

entry |1 pages

Koru

entry |1 pages

Kostenki

entry |1 pages

Kota Tampan

entry |1 pages

Kow Swamp

entry |1 pages

Krapina

entry |1 pages

Kromdraai

entry |1 pages

Ksar 'Akil

chapter |32 pages

L

Size: 1.40 MB

entry |1 pages

L'Escale

entry |1 pages

L'Hortus

entry |1 pages

La Brea Tar Pits

entry |1 pages

La Chaise

entry |1 pages

La Chapelle-aux-Saints

entry |1 pages

La Cotte de St. Brelade

entry |1 pages

La Ferrassie

entry |1 pages

La Naulette

entry |1 pages

La Quina

entry |1 pages

La Venta

entry |1 pages

Laetoli

entry |1 pages

Lagar Velho

entry |1 pages

Lainyamok

entry |1 pages

Lake Mungo

entry |1 pages

Land-Mammal Ages

entry |1 pages

Landscape Archaeology

entry |1 pages

Lang Trang

entry |1 pages

Lantian

entry |1 pages

Lartet, Edouard (1801–1871)

entry |1 pages

Lascaux

entry |1 pages

Late Paleolithic

entry |1 pages

Climates and Environments

entry |1 pages

Late Paleolithic People

entry |2 pages

Technology

entry |1 pages

Cultural Explosion

entry |1 pages

Art And Engravings

entry |1 pages

Personal Adornment

entry |1 pages

Musical Instruments

entry |1 pages

Burial

entry |1 pages

Subsistence Strategies

entry |1 pages

Sociopolitical Organization and Settlement Patterns

entry |1 pages

Colonization

entry |3 pages

Later Stone Age

entry |1 pages

Laugerie Sites

entry |1 pages

Lazaret

entry |1 pages

Le Chaffaud

entry |1 pages

Le Gros Clark, (Sir) Wilfrid Edward (1895–1971)

entry |1 pages

Le Moustier

entry |1 pages

Leakey, Louis Seymour Bazett (1903–1972)

entry |1 pages

Leakey, Mary Douglas Nicoll (1913–1996)

entry |1 pages

Lehringen

entry |2 pages

Lemuridae

entry |3 pages

Lemuriformes

entry |1 pages

Lemuroidea

entry |2 pages

Lepilemuridae

entry |1 pages

Leroi-Gourhan, André (1911–1986)

entry |1 pages

Les Trois Frères

entry |1 pages

Levallois

entry |1 pages

Levantine Aurignacian

entry |1 pages

Lithic Use-Wear

entry |1 pages

Low-Power Optical Microscopy

entry |1 pages

High-Power Optical Microscopy

entry |1 pages

Scanning Electron Microscopy

entry |1 pages

Liucheng

entry |1 pages

Llano Complex

entry |1 pages

Locherangan

entry |1 pages

Locomotion

entry |1 pages

Primate Locomotor Modes

entry |2 pages

Human Locomotion

entry |1 pages

Lokalalei

entry |1 pages

Lokalalei Member

entry |1 pages

Lomekwi Member

entry |1 pages

Longgupo

entry |1 pages

Lonyumun Member

entry |2 pages

Lorisidae

entry |1 pages

Lorisoidea

entry |1 pages

Lothagam

entry |1 pages

Lothidok Formation

entry |1 pages

Lothidok Site

entry |1 pages

Lower Primates

entry |1 pages

Lufeng

entry |1 pages

Lufengpithecus

entry |1 pages

Lupemban

entry |1 pages

Lushius

chapter |64 pages

M

Size: 2.30 MB

entry |1 pages

Maboko

entry |1 pages

Macintosh N.W.G. (1906–1977)

entry |1 pages

Madagascar

entry |1 pages

Magdalenian

entry |1 pages

Maglemosian

entry |1 pages

Magosian

entry |1 pages

Mahgarita

entry |1 pages

Makapansgat

entry |1 pages

Mal'ta

entry |1 pages

Man-Land Relationships

entry |1 pages

Martin, Rudolf (1862–1925)

entry |1 pages

Mauer

entry |1 pages

Mayr, Ernst (1904-)

entry |1 pages

McCown, Theodore D. (1908–1969)

entry |1 pages

Meadowcroft Shelter

entry |1 pages

Meganthropus

entry |1 pages

Melka Kontouré

entry |1 pages

Mesolithic

entry |1 pages

Definitions

entry |1 pages

Broad-Spectrum Revolution

entry |1 pages

Technologies

entry |1 pages

Settlement and Social Organization

entry |1 pages

Mezhirich

entry |1 pages

Micoquian

entry |1 pages

Microchoerinae

entry |1 pages

Microsyopidae

entry |4 pages

Middle Awash

entry |1 pages

Middle Paleolithic

entry |2 pages

Regional Sequences

entry |1 pages

Southwest Asia

entry |1 pages

North Africa

entry |1 pages

Equatorial Africa

entry |1 pages

Southern Africa

entry |1 pages

Southern And Southeast Asia

entry |1 pages

Eastern Asia

entry |1 pages

Hominid Fossil Associations

entry |1 pages

Behavior

entry |1 pages

Site Structure

entry |1 pages

Subsistence

entry |1 pages

Technology

entry |1 pages

Symbolic Behavior

entry |1 pages

Major Current Issues

entry |1 pages

Behavioral Differences Among Middle Paleolithic Hominids

entry |1 pages

The Middle-Upper Paleolithic Transition

entry |1 pages

Middle-Range Theory

entry |2 pages

Middle Stone Age

entry |1 pages

Miocene

entry |1 pages

Miocene Environments

entry |1 pages

Miocene Faunas

entry |1 pages

Miocene Biogeography

entry |1 pages

Mladeč

entry |1 pages

Modern Human Origins: Introduction

entry |4 pages

Modern Human Origins: Multiregional Evolution

entry |1 pages

Modern Human Origins: Out of Africa

entry |1 pages

Single Origin

entry |1 pages

Recent African Origin

entry |1 pages

The Evolution of Regionality

entry |1 pages

Status of Recent African Origin Models

entry |1 pages

Modern Human Origins: The Genetic Perspective

entry |1 pages

Maternal Clonal Transmission

entry |1 pages

The Mitochondrial Eve Hypothesis

entry |1 pages

“Eve” and the Origin of Modern Humans

entry |1 pages

Critiques of the “Eve” Theory

entry |1 pages

Modern Human Origins: Archaeology and behavior

entry |1 pages

The Study of behavior

entry |1 pages

What Is Modern Human Behavior?

entry |2 pages

The Behavioral Evidence: Europe

entry |1 pages

The Behavioral Evidence: The Levant

entry |1 pages

The Behavioral Evidence: Africa

entry |1 pages

Blades And Blade Tools

entry |1 pages

Bone-Working And Bone Tools

entry |1 pages

Hafted Projectile Points

entry |1 pages

Economic Activities

entry |1 pages

Social Complexity

entry |1 pages

Symbolism

entry |1 pages

Regional Discontinuity in Eastern and Southern Asia

entry |3 pages

Out of Africa or Regional Continuity?

entry |1 pages

Modes, Technological

entry |1 pages

Modjokerto

entry |1 pages

Molecular Anthropology

entry |1 pages

Molecular Clock

entry |1 pages

Cytogenetic Data

entry |1 pages

DNA Studies

entry |1 pages

Levels of Evolution

entry |1 pages

Molecular Clock

entry |1 pages

Molecular “vs.” Morphological Approaches to Systematics

entry |1 pages

Nature Of Molecular Evidence

entry |1 pages

Nature Of Morphological Evidence

entry |1 pages

Numbers Of Characters

entry |1 pages

Great Ape-Human Relationships

entry |1 pages

Morphological Evidence

entry |1 pages

Molodova

entry |1 pages

Monkey

entry |1 pages

Platyrrhine Monkeys

entry |1 pages

Catarrhine Monkeys

entry |1 pages

Monophyly

entry |1 pages

Monte Peglia

entry |1 pages

Monte Verde

entry |1 pages

Montmaurin

entry |1 pages

Morant, Geoffrey Miles (1899–1964)

entry |1 pages

Morotopithecus

entry |1 pages

Morphology

entry |1 pages

Morphometrics

entry |1 pages

Mortillet, Gabriel de (1821–1898)

entry |1 pages

Mousterian

entry |1 pages

Geographical and Chronological Variation

entry |1 pages

The French Mousterian Debate

entry |1 pages

The Charentian Group

entry |1 pages

The Typical Group

entry |1 pages

The Mousterian Of Acheulean Tradition (Mta)

entry |1 pages

The Denticulate Mousterian

entry |1 pages

Behavioral Issues

entry |1 pages

Settlement Patterns

entry |1 pages

Subsistence

entry |1 pages

Site Structure

entry |1 pages

Technology

entry |1 pages

Symbolic Behavior

entry |1 pages

Sociality

entry |1 pages

Movius, Hallom L., Jr. (1907–1986?)

entry |1 pages

Movius' Line

entry |1 pages

Mugharan

entry |1 pages

Mugharet/Mughara

entry |1 pages

Multivariate Analysis

entry |1 pages

Mulvaney, D.J. (1925-)

entry |1 pages

Mumba

entry |2 pages

Musculature

entry |1 pages

Mushabi

entry |1 pages

Mushabian

entry |1 pages

Musical Instruments

chapter |18 pages

N

Size: 0.92 MB

entry |1 pages

Nachola

entry |1 pages

Napak

entry |1 pages

Nariokotome Member

entry |1 pages

Nariokotome Site 3 (NK3)

entry |1 pages

Narmada

entry |1 pages

Natoo Member

entry |2 pages

Natron-Eyasi Basin

entry |1 pages

Natufian

entry |1 pages

Ndutu

entry |1 pages

Neanderthal

entry |1 pages

Neanderthals

entry |2 pages

Neanderthal Characters

entry |1 pages

Neanderthal Behavior

entry |1 pages

Origin of the Neanderthals

entry |1 pages

Typical Neanderthals

entry |1 pages

Evolutionary Significance of the Neanderthals

entry |1 pages

Nelson Bay Cave

entry |1 pages

Neogene

entry |2 pages

Neolithic

entry |1 pages

Ngaloba

entry |1 pages

Ngandong (Solo)

entry |1 pages

Niah Cave

entry |1 pages

Niaux

entry |1 pages

Nihewan

entry |1 pages

Nomenclature

entry |1 pages

Non-Darwinian Evolution

entry |1 pages

Notharctidae

entry |1 pages

Numerical Cladistics

entry |1 pages

Parsimony Methods

entry |1 pages

Character Compatibility Analysis

entry |1 pages

Maximum-Likelihood Cladistics

entry |1 pages

Numerical Taxonomy

chapter |19 pages

O

Size: 0.91 MB

entry |1 pages

Oakley, Kenneth Page (1911–1981)

entry |1 pages

Obsidian Hydration

entry |1 pages

Old Crow

entry |3 pages

Oldowan

entry |3 pages

Olduvai Gorge

entry |1 pages

Oligocene

entry |1 pages

Oligopithecidae

entry |1 pages

History of Study

entry |1 pages

Age of the Oligopithecids

entry |1 pages

Oligopithecid Adaptations

entry |1 pages

Phyletic Status of Oligopithecidae

entry |1 pages

Olorgesailie

entry |1 pages

Oman

entry |1 pages

Omomyidae

entry |1 pages

Cranium and Brain

entry |1 pages

Dentition

entry |1 pages

Postcranium

entry |1 pages

Diversity

entry |2 pages

Omomyinae

entry |1 pages

Ontogeny

entry |1 pages

Orangian

entry |1 pages

Order

entry |2 pages

Oreopithecus

entry |1 pages

OSL (Optically Stimulated Luminescence) Dating

entry |1 pages

Otavipithecus

chapter |99 pages

P

Size: 3.82 MB

entry |1 pages

Pacitanian

entry |1 pages

Palaeopropithecidae

entry |1 pages

Paleoanthropology

entry |1 pages

Paleobiogeography

entry |1 pages

Paleobiology

entry |1 pages

Systematic Paleobiology

entry |1 pages

Ecological Paleobiology

entry |1 pages

Macroevolution and Paleobiology

entry |1 pages

Paleocene

entry |1 pages

Paleodietary Analysis

entry |1 pages

Anatomical Considerations

entry |1 pages

Archaeological Residues

entry |2 pages

Chemical Analysis of Skeletons

entry |1 pages

Paleoenvironment

entry |1 pages

Paleogene

entry |1 pages

Paleoindian

entry |1 pages

Clovis Culture

entry |1 pages

Pre-Clovis Cultures

entry |1 pages

Paleolithic

entry |2 pages

Boundaries and Divisions of the Paleolithic

entry |1 pages

Aims of Paleolithic Archaeology

entry |1 pages

Human Evolution and Cultural Development

entry |1 pages

Regional Differences in Paleolithic Adaptations

entry |1 pages

Paleolithic Calendar

entry |1 pages

Paleolithic Image

entry |1 pages

Discovery of Ice Age Art

entry |2 pages

Sanctuary Caves: A Regional Development

entry |1 pages

Mapping the Caves

entry |2 pages

Internal Analyses and Comparisons: New Questions and Methods of Study

entry |1 pages

Precursors and Termination of Ice Age Art

entry |1 pages

Paleolithic Lifeways

entry |1 pages

Methods

entry |1 pages

Dating

entry |1 pages

Environmental Reconstruction

entry |1 pages

Subsistence And Paleodiet

entry |1 pages

Technology

entry |1 pages

Social Organization

entry |1 pages

Ritual And Symbolism

entry |1 pages

Cultural-Historical Overview

entry |2 pages

Later Homo Erectus/ Archaic Homo Sapiens (CA. 1.0–0.2 MA)

entry |1 pages

Neanderthal And Contemporaneous Hominid Populations (CA. 200–33 KA)

entry |2 pages

Homo Sapiens Sapiens (CA. 40–10 KA)

entry |2 pages

Paleomagnetism

entry |1 pages

Paleontology

entry |1 pages

Paleopathology

entry |1 pages

Paracatarrhini

entry |1 pages

Paranthropus

entry |1 pages

Characteristics of Paranthropus

entry |1 pages

P. aethiopicus

entry |1 pages

P. robustus

entry |1 pages

P. boisei

entry |1 pages

Paranthropus aethiopicus

entry |1 pages

Paranthropus boisei

entry |4 pages

Paranthropus robustus

entry |1 pages

Parapithecidae

entry |1 pages

History of Study

entry |1 pages

Age of the Parapithecids

entry |1 pages

Morphology of the Parapithecidae

entry |1 pages

Parapithecid Habitat and Adaptations

entry |1 pages

Anthropoid Status of Parapithecidae

entry |2 pages

Paromomyidae

entry |1 pages

Paromomyoidea

entry |1 pages

Parpallö

entry |1 pages

Parvorder

entry |1 pages

Pasalar

entry |1 pages

Patagonia

entry |1 pages

Patterson, Bryan (1909–1979)

entry |1 pages

Paviland Cave

entry |1 pages

Pavlov

entry |1 pages

Pech de l'Azé

entry |1 pages

Pech Merle

entry |1 pages

Pedra Furada

entry |1 pages

Peninj

entry |1 pages

Périgord

entry |1 pages

Perigordian

entry |1 pages

Petralona

entry |1 pages

Petrolemur

entry |1 pages

Peyrony, Denis (1869–1954)

entry |1 pages

Phenetics

entry |1 pages

Phenotype

entry |1 pages

Phylogeny

entry |1 pages

Phylogeny As Evolutionary History

entry |1 pages

Phylogenetic Patterns

entry |1 pages

Adaptive Radiations

entry |1 pages

Steady-State

entry |1 pages

Living Fossils

entry |1 pages

Trends

entry |1 pages

Physical Anthropology

entry |1 pages

Phytolith Analysis

entry |1 pages

Pick

entry |1 pages

Picrodontidae

entry |1 pages

Pietersburg

entry |1 pages

Pilgrim, Guy Ellock (1875–1943)

entry |2 pages

Piltdown

entry |1 pages

Pincevent

entry |1 pages

Pitheciinae

entry |1 pages

Piveteau, Jean (1899–1991)

entry |1 pages

Piano

entry |2 pages

Plate Tectonics

entry |2 pages

Platyrrhini

entry |1 pages

Pleistocene

entry |1 pages

Early Pleistocene

entry |1 pages

Middle Pleistocene

entry |1 pages

Late Pleistocene

entry |1 pages

Pleistocene in Africa

entry |2 pages

Plesiadapidae

entry |1 pages

Plesiadapiformes

entry |1 pages

Gunnell (1989)

entry |1 pages

Beard (1993)

entry |1 pages

Classification Preferred Here

entry |1 pages

Plesiadapoidea

entry |1 pages

Plesiopithecus

entry |1 pages

Pliocene

entry |1 pages

The Messinian Event

entry |1 pages

Hipparion Datum and the False Pliocene

entry |1 pages

Pliocene Climates and Fauna

entry |1 pages

Hominid Evolution in the Pliocene

entry |2 pages

Pliopithecidae

entry |1 pages

Pluvials

entry |1 pages

Pollen Analysis

entry |1 pages

Polytypic Variation

entry |1 pages

Pondaung

entry |3 pages

Ponginae

entry |1 pages

Pontnewydd

entry |1 pages

Population

entry |1 pages

Potassium-Argon Dating

entry |1 pages

Sampling

entry |1 pages

40K/40Ar Total-Fusion Method