Caraway (Carum carvi L.) occurs as wild plant within phytocoenoses of meadow type, usually in a humid coastal or mountain climate (Nowiñski 1959). Such ecological conditions should be taken into account in the choice of region for caraway cultivation, and also to a certain degree, in the choice of soil type and a sequence in crop rotation. In Europe, where this species has been widely grown for over 200 years, caraway was and usually still is produced in coastal regions of the Netherlands, Germany and Poland as well as in a piedmont of the Czech Republic and Slovakia.