The changes of rural areas during the last thirty years have been the focus of numerous disciplines interested in the analysis and evolution of these spaces. The general structure organising these theoretical and empirical reflections is based on the internationalization of social and economic processes and the incorporation of information and communication technologies. From the perspective of this book, the changes and new dynamics that are generated in rural areas also have an internal reading. The objective is not to analyse how the changes motivated by urban mega-trends affect them, but to centre the discussion in the internal factors that point to the new ways and position of rural areas.