ABSTRACT: Throughout the results of field studies conducted in 2002 and 2006 in the gmina (local authority area) of Leoncin (Poland), authors of this article discuss theoretical and practical matters of urbanization process in the border zone of Kampinoski National Park – almost 40,000 has of woodland situated in the vicinity of Warsaw – the Polish capital. Beside the information about valuable natural features of the National Park, human resources and economic structure of the studied area, the aim was to present the actual attitudes of gmina’s inhabitants towards the local development policy. What are the economic decisions being taken by them? Do they want to become more town-like or do they prefer to host agro-tourists?