This chapter describes the “novel” ways to either prevent pollution or return soil to a sustainable and productive state. Soil contamination is usually considered to be caused by the presence of xenobiotics chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment. It is typically due to industrial activity, agricultural chemicals, or improper disposal of waste. The inorganic ash resulting from the combustion of waste within cement kilns becomes cement, which in turn ends up in concretes. Concretes are themselves often used for immobilizing toxic and radioactive waste streams because doing so represents the most affordable way to treat them in a way that protects both people and the environment. One of the most genuinely serious soil pollution issues is the fact that domestic animals are routinely dosed with much cheaper lots of the same new “cutting edge” antibiotics developed to treat humans.