An overview of the extensive taxonomic, morphological, ecological, behavioural, and biogeographic research that has been carried out on tiger beetles in India is provided. Details of the results and patterns stemming from these studies are placed in the context of regional and international research aims. Future goals are suggested for using this baseline to advance general studies of Indian tiger beetles ranging from taxonomy and biogeography to conservation and mathematical modelling. The usefulness of tiger beetles extends beyond basic studies of biology to include applied research such as pest control in agriculture, effects of climate change, and entrepreneurship through biomimicry. Because of their attractiveness to hobbyists, they also lend themselves easily to a role in citizen science with amateurs working with professionals to advance a wide range of these research goals.