ABSTRACT

Throughout history, economic growth has led to an increased utilization of natural resources. This increased usage has manifested in the deposition of industrial wastewater, medical waste, and other waste residuals into the environment and the generation of polluted air. The widespread use of 450biohazardous pesticides, artificial food additives, pharmaceuticals, neutraceuticals, nanomaterials, and mineral-based beauty and skin care products also contribute to this environmental burden. The delicate balance between the growth of living organisms, resource utilization, and environmental stressors is being challenged. The persistence of environmental contaminants in many environmental compartments presents a potential risk to humans and ecosystems. Human exposure leading to adverse health outcomes can increase as the variety and quantity of contamination sources increase.