A 30-year-old lady is admitted after being kicked in the chest by a horse. She has severe pain over her right lower ribs.

Which ribs are true ribs, false ribs, and floating ribs? (3 marks)

You perform a chest X-ray which shows a flail chest. What is the definition of a flail chest? (2 marks)

How can you assess clinically for a flail segment? (1 mark)

Her chest X-ray reveals no underlying lung injuries, and her observations are stable. Give three aspects of her management in this case. (3 marks)

If the flail segment was to cause a bruise to the underlying lung, what would be the name of this condition? (1 mark)