Dropsy is a commonly applied term for coelomic distention due to ascites, or the effusion and collection of fluid freely throughout the coelomic cavity. Dropsy, or ascites, is generally a sign of another ongoing disease process, oftentimes one that is multisystemic and impacting coelomic organs and tissues. Dropsy may be caused by a variety of potential etiological agents, both infectious and noninfectious. Stressors such as rapid change in water temperature may predispose fish to bacterial diseases associated with dropsy. Clinically affected fish display coelomic distension of varying degrees of severity. Generally considered a disease syndrome similar to dropsy, affecting specifically Malawi cichlids, a popular group of ornamental fish among aquarium hobbyists. Water belly occurs among salt water pen-reared salmonid fish, including Atlantic salmon, Chinook salmon and rainbow trout. Dietary changes such as reduction of the feeding rate have been reported to improve the condition among affected fish.