The GDPR is a ground-breaking data privacy law which will continue to have long-term impacts on how companies manage the digital rights of EU data subjects around the world. Although the GDPR is an EU data privacy law, robust and continued compliance will have a future global impact on most technology data design, data governance mechanisms, and how electronic evidence is managed in legal matters going forward, with privacy in mind.

This chapter will explore how the GDPR could affect handling electronic evidence with emerging technologies such as machine learning (ML), artificial intelligence (AI), and the internet of things (IoT). New models of data governance must be developed and continually updated to meet and even anticipate technological innovations that may cause data privacy concerns. Also, this chapter will detail the practical and design changes needed for legal applications that handle electronic evidence to better address ongoing compliance challenges in a post GDPR world. Last, this chapter will explore the current trends and cases creating new legal precedents with GDPR most likely to influence future data privacy by design.