Bio-industrial Watershed Management has the potential of ushering in a Bio-industrial Revolution in the Rural Areas, eradicating poverty. A multiple use perspective is required to achieve sustained and integrated watershed management, particularly in those areas, where a large rural population depends upon a variety of resources produced in upland watersheds. Integrated watershed management approach focuses on the assimilation of various technologies within the natural boundaries of a drainage area for optimum development of land, water, and vegetation to meet the fundamental needs of people and animals in a sustainable manner. The watershed development programme in agricultural and forest catchment’s aims in soil and water conservation result in several ecological benefits viz. Soil and water conservation, within bio-industrial watersheds, is vital for rain fed agriculture. The foregoing efforts in the increase of productivity and market surpluses will make it possible to introduce processing of the watershed produce as an essential component of the watershed development and management programme.