The Rights of Nature movement advocates for the development, incorporation and defence of the inherent rights of Nature in legal mechanisms around the world. Its most basic premise is to give a voice to Nature in the legal system and, through appointed custodians or the general public, bring more, better and stronger claims of harm, demands for justice or calls for protection. Rights of Nature is gaining momentum in local, national and international instruments around the world, is found in a growing number of laws and constitutions, is being defended and argued in courts and civil society and nongovernmental organizations are picking up its banner around the world. Yet despite these advancements, it faces major philosophical, political and scientific challenges to its incorporation and implementation in law and governance.