Unmanned aerial systems (UAS) are playing an increasingly pivotal role in advancing the remote collection of data. The various datasets collected by these cutting-edge systems provide near-real-time information and help inform end users on everything from disaster recovery efforts to monitoring atmospheric constituents. This chapter focuses on how the collection of imagery has progressed over time, including the pivotal role UAS play in building large-scale datasets driving data analysis. The authors report the findings of a 2018–2021 survey of the fields that use UAS, the UAS platforms most commonly used, and the sensor components users select to outfit their UAS. The chapter will also discuss the range of platforms currently available, with a specific focus on issues including battery life, data downlinks, data processing times, edge computing, and availability of new sensors. The authors will also discuss the future direction of UAS platforms as well as many of the problems associated with the high spatial and temporal resolution of modern geospatial datasets.