ABSTRACT

Plant hormones play a role in a variety of areas of plant life, including responses to biotic and abiotic stress are plant growth regulators (Llanes et al. 2018). Strigolactones (SLs) are multifunctional molecules categorized as a new family of phytohormones that regulate a variety of plant functions (Andreo-Jimenez et al. 2015). During the previous few years, investigation into SLs have increased (Marzec and Muszynska 2015). The chemicals that are carotenoid derivatives secreted from the roots of 80% of land plants are precursor of SLs and SLs can induce a symbiotic relationship with soil AMF (Akiyama and Hayashi 2006). In 1966, SLs were first found in cotton plants as root exudates (Pandey et al. 2016). ‘Strigol’ was identified as the first naturally observed SLs. SLs got the name just after the discovery of the first candidate in Striga (Cook et al. 1966). It was previously identified as being generated in roots and stems as well as distributed through the vascular tissue (Kohlen et al. 2011). Cotton, maize, cowpea, red clover, and sorghum are among the monocots and dicots that have been recognized as SLs producers.